Download All Japanese Auxiliary Verbs PDF

TitleAll Japanese Auxiliary Verbs
TagsJapanese Language Grammatical Conjugation Verb Morphology Languages
File Size86.3 KB
Total Pages4
Document Text Contents
Page 3

みる (miru, to see) 1 -te form "try to V"
する (suru, do) → してみ
たい (shite-mitai, try to
do)

なおす (naosu, to
correct/heal)

1 continuative
"do V again,
correcting
mistakes"

書く (kaku, to write) →
書きなおす (kaki-naosu,
rewrite)

あがる (agaru, to rise) 1 continuative
"do V thoroughly"
/ "V happens
upwards"

立つ (tatsu, to stand) →
立ち上がる (tachi-agaru,
stand up)

出来る (dekiru, to come
out) → 出来上がる (deki-
agaru, be completed)

得る (eru/uru, to be
able)

2b/1
continuative
only for group
1 verbs

indicates
potential

ある (aru, to be) → あり
得る (arieru, is possible)

かかる (kakaru, to
hang/catch/obtain)

1

continuative
only for
intrans., non-
volit.

"about to V",
"almost V"

溺れる (oboreru, drown)
→ 溺れかかる (obore-
kakaru, about to drown)

きる (kiru, to cut) 1 continuative
"do V
completely"

食べる (taberu, to eat) →
食べきる (tabe-kiru, to
eat it all)

消す (kesu, to erase) 1 continuative
"cancel by V"
"deny with V"

揉む (momu, to rub) →
揉み消す (momi-kesu, to
rub out, to extinguish)

込む (komu, to enter
deeply/plunge)

1 continuative
"V deep in", "V
into"

話す (hanasu, to speak)
→ 話し込む (hanashi-
komu, to be deep in
conversation)

下げる (sageru, to
lower)

2b continuative "V down"
引く (hiku, to pull) → 引
き下げる (hiki-sageru, to
pull down)

過ぎる (sugiru, to
exceed)

2a continuative "overdo V"
言う (iu, to say) → 言いす
ぎる (ii-sugiru, to say too
much, to overstate)

付ける (tsukeru, to
attach)

2b continuative
"become
accustomed to V"

行く (iku, to go) → 行き
付ける (iki-tsukeru, be
used to (going))

続ける (tsuzukeru, to
continue)

2b continuative "keep on V"

降る (furu, to fall (eg.
rain)) → 降り続ける (furi-
tsuzukeru, to keep
falling)

通す (tōsu, to
show/thread/lead)

1 continuative "finish V-ing" 読む (yomu, to read) →
読み通す (yomi-tōsu, to

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