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TitleConstruction Extension to the PMBOK® Guide
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Total Pages217
Table of Contents
                            Construction Extension to the PMBOK® Guide
	Copyright Page
	Table of Contents
	1. INTRODUCTION
		1.1 Projects in Construction
		1.2 Purpose and Audience for the Construction Extension
		1.3 Context and Structure of the Construction Extension
		1.4 Relationships with Project, Program, and Portfolio Management and Other Organizational Considerations for Construction Projects
		1.5 The Role of the Project Manager in Construction and Special Areas of Expertise
			1.5.1 The Role of the Project Manager in Construction
			1.5.2 Special Areas of Expertise
		1.6 Public Stakeholders
		1.7 Explanation for the Use of and Reference to the PMBOK® Guide Processes, Inputs, Tools and Techniques, and Outputs
		1.8 Other Standards
	2. THE CONSTRUCTION PROJECT ENVIRONMENT
		2.1 Organizational Influences on Construction Project Management
			2.1.1 Types of Construction Projects
			2.1.2 Project Delivery Methods
			2.1.3 Organizational Structures
			2.1.4 Enterprise Environmental Factors
				2.1.4.1 Economic Factors
				2.1.4.2 Financial Factors
				2.1.4.3 Site Location Factors
		2.2 Project Stakeholders and Governance
			2.2.1 Project Stakeholders
			2.2.2 Project Governance
			2.2.3 Social Responsibility and Sustainability
		2.3 Project Life Cycles
			2.3.1 Front-End Loading
			2.3.2 Adaptive Life Cycles
	3. PROJECT MANAGEMENT IN THE CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY: OVERVIEW AND ADVANCEMENTS
		3.1 Project Management Knowledge Areas, Process Groups, and Processes
			3.1.1 Project Integration Management
			3.1.2 Project Scope Management
			3.1.3 Project Schedule Management
			3.1.4 Project Cost Management
			3.1.5 Project Quality Management
			3.1.6 Project Resources Management
			3.1.7 Project Communications Management
			3.1.8 Project Risk Management
			3.1.9 Project Procurement Management
			3.1.10 Project Stakeholder Management
			3.1.11 Project Health, Safety, Security, and Environmental Management (HSSE)
			3.1.12 Project Financial Management
		3.2 Advances and Societal Influences in Construction Project Management
			3.2.1 Advances
				3.2.1.1 Technology
				3.2.1.2 Building Information Modeling (BIM)
				3.2.1.3 Modern Methods of Construction
				3.2.1.4 Emerging Management Techniques: Alternative Project Delivery Methods, Integrated Project Delivery (IPD), Lean, and Agile
			3.2.2 Societal Influences in Construction
				3.2.2.1 Sustainability and Social Responsibility
				3.2.2.2 Skilled Human Resources
				3.2.2.3 Global and Regional Recessions (Global Economies)
				3.2.2.4 Global Markets and Future Projects
				3.2.2.5 Ethics
	4. PROJECT INTEGRATION MANAGEMENT
		4.1 Project Integration Management in Construction
		4.2 Project Integration Management Initiating
			4.2.1 Project Stakeholders
			4.2.2. Enterprise Environmental Factor Considerations
			4.2.3 Project Service Provider Engagement
		4.3 Project Integration Management Planning
			4.3.1 Planning Inputs
			4.3.2 Value Engineering
			4.3.3 Intermittent Contract Closures and Commissioning
			4.3.4 Project Strategy
		4.4 Project Integration Management Executing
			4.4.1 Work Performance and Inspection
			4.4.2 Value Engineering in Executing
			4.4.3 Construction Administration
			4.4.4 Initiate and Manage Partnering
			4.4.5 Change Order Management
		4.5 Project Integration Management Monitoring and Control
			4.5.1 Technology Integration
			4.5.2 Integrated Change Control
			4.5.3 Sources of Problems with Project Changes
		4.6 Project Integration Management Closing
			4.6.1 Delayed Project Closure
			4.6.2 Closeout Documents
			4.6.3 Project Punch List
			4.6.4 Beneficial Occupancy and Substantial Completion
			4.6.5 Close Contracts
			4.6.6 Final Project Report and Lessons Learned
		4.7 Integration Management Advancements
	5. PROJECT SCOPE MANAGEMENT
		5.1 Project Scope Management in Construction
		5.2 Project Scope Management Planning
			5.2.1 Define Scope
			5.2.2 Create WBS
		5.3 Project Scope Monitoring and Control
			5.3.1 Scope Validation/Verification
				5.3.1.1 Request for Information (RFI)
			5.3.2 Scope Creep and Change Management
	6. PROJECT SCHEDULE MANAGEMENT
		6.1 Project Schedule Management in Construction
		6.2 Project Schedule Management Planning
			6.2.1 Define Activities
				6.2.1.1 Work Breakdown Structure
				6.2.1.2 Decomposition
				6.2.1.3 Activity Attributes
				6.2.1.4 Progress Measurement Plan and Criteria
			6.2.2 Sequence Activities
			6.2.3 Estimate Activity Resources
			6.2.4 Estimate Activity Durations
			6.2.5 Activity Weightage Definition
			6.2.6 Develop Schedule
				6.2.6.1 Vendor or Subcontractor Schedule Analysis
				6.2.6.2 Constraints
				6.2.6.3 Schedule Baseline
				6.2.6.4 Use of Metrics
				6.2.6.5 Schedule Dictionary
				6.2.6.6 Schedule Risk Analysis (SRA)
			6.2.7 Progress Curves Development and Update
				6.2.7.1 Weights Distribution Standard Curves
				6.2.7.2 Mathematical Analysis
		6.3 Project Schedule Management Monitoring and Control
			6.3.1 Progress Curve Updates
			6.3.2 Schedule Impacts
			6.3.3 Progress and Performance Reviews
	7. PROJECT COST MANAGEMENT
		7.1 Project Cost Management in Construction
		7.2 Project Cost Management Planning
			7.2.1 Estimating Costs and Techniques
				7.2.1.1 Analogous (Conceptual) Estimating
				7.2.1.2 Parametric Estimating
				7.2.1.3 Bottom-Up (Detailed) Estimating
				7.2.1.4 Three-Point Estimating
				7.2.1.5 Monte Carlo Simulation
			7.2.2 Bill of Materials (Bill of Quantities)
			7.2.3 Allowances, Contingency, and Management Reserve
			7.2.4 Escalation, Inflation, and Currency Exchange
			7.2.5 Metrics
			7.2.6 Additional Considerations in Estimating
			7.2.7 Determine Budget
				7.2.7.1 Construction Work Package (CWP)
				7.2.7.2 Cost Baseline
		7.3 Project Cost Management Monitoring and Control
			7.3.1 Actual Cost
			7.3.2 Earned Value Management
			7.3.3 Progress and Performance Reviews
			7.3.4 Forecasting or Estimate at Completion
	8. PROJECT QUALITY MANAGEMENT
		8.1 Project Quality Management in Construction
			8.1.1 Quality Requirements
			8.1.2 Modern Quality Management
		8.2 Project Quality Management Planning
			8.2.1 Contract Requirements
			8.2.2 Project Stakeholder Requirements
			8.2.3 Quality Policy
			8.2.4 Quality Assurance Measurements
			8.2.5 Quality Checklist
			8.2.6 Project Requirements Review
			8.2.7 Quality Management Plan
		8.3 Project Quality Management Executing
			8.3.1 Quality Audits
			8.3.2 Quality Management Reviews
		8.4 Project Quality Control
	9. PROJECT RESOURCE MANAGEMENT
		9.1 Project Resource Management in Construction
			9.1.1 Resource Types
			9.1.2 Project Location
			9.1.3 Project Size and Type
		9.2 Project Resource Management Planning
		9.3 Project Resource Management Executing
			9.3.1 General Resources
			9.3.2 Human Resource
				9.3.2.1 Staffing
				9.3.2.2 Team Building
				9.3.2.3 Interpersonal Skills
		9.4 Project Resource Management Monitoring and Controlling
		9.5 Project Resource Management Closing
			9.5.1 General Resources
			9.5.2 Human Resource
	10. PROJECT COMMUNICATIONS MANAGEMENT
		10.1 Project Communications Management in Construction
		10.2 Project Communications Management Planning
			10.2.1 Communications Management Plan
			10.2.2 Project Documentation Assessment
			10.2.3 Communications Skills
			10.2.4 Corporate Communication and Social Responsibility
			10.2.5 Communication Flow for Construction Change Orders, Requests for Information (RFIs), Instructions, and Variation Requests
			10.2.6 Daily Report
			10.2.7 Information and Communication Technology (ICT) and Project Management Information System (PMIS)
		10.3 Project Communications Management Executing
			10.3.1 Managing Conflict
			10.3.2 Managing Meetings
			10.3.3 Project Documentation and Information Distribution
		10.4 Project Communications Management Monitoring and Control
			10.4.1 Performance and Progress Reports
			10.4.2 Other Reporting Systems
			10.4.3 Contractor Performance Evaluation (CPE)
	11. PROJECT RISK MANAGEMENT
		11.1 Project Risk Management in Construction
		11.2 Project Risk Management Planning
			11.2.1 Bidding and Contract Documents
			11.2.2 Organizational Methods
			11.2.3 Budgeting
			11.2.4 Scoring and Interpretation
			11.2.5 Project Risk Management Planning Under Collaborative Construction Project Arrangements
			11.2.6 Project Risk Management Planning in Public-Private Partnership (PPP)
			11.2.7 Project Risk Management Planning in International Projects
			11.2.8 Risk Identification in Construction Projects
				11.2.8.1 Resource Plan
				11.2.8.2 Documentation Reviews
				11.2.8.3 Checklist Analysis
				11.2.8.4 Assumption Analysis
				11.2.8.5 Lessons Learned and Learning from Others’ Experiences
				11.2.8.6 Local Expert Judgment
				11.2.8.7 Concept Hazard Analysis
				11.2.8.8 Preliminary Hazard Analysis (PHA)
				11.2.8.9 Hazard and Operational Studies (HAZOP)
				11.2.8.10 Constructability Review and Checklist
				11.2.8.11 Value Analysis Study
				11.2.8.12 Failure Modes and Effects Analysis (FMEA)
			11.2.9 Qualitative Risk Analysis in Construction Projects
			11.2.10 Quantitative Risk Analysis in Construction Projects
			11.2.11 Plan Risk Responses in Construction Projects
				11.2.11.1 Strategies for Negative Risks or Threats and Positive Risks or Opportunities
			11.2.12 Insurance in Construction Projects
				11.2.12.1 Types of Insurance
		11.3 Project Risk Management Monitoring and Controlling
	12. PROJECT PROCUREMENT MANAGEMENT
		12.1 Project Procurement Management in Construction
			12.1.1 Contractor’s Perspective
			12.1.2 Owner’s Perspective
		12.2 Project Procurement Management Planning
			12.2.1 Procurement Management Plan
			12.2.2 Enterprise Environmental Factors
			12.2.3 Supply Chain Management
			12.2.4 Organizational Process Assets
			12.2.5 Project Scope Statement
			12.2.6 The WBS in Procurement
			12.2.7 Other Service Provider Procurements
			12.2.8 Make-or-Buy Analyses
			12.2.9 Project Delivery Methods
				12.2.9.1 Traditional Approach
				12.2.9.2 Integrated Project Delivery and Turnkey Approaches
			12.2.10 Construction Contracts
			12.2.11 Contract Risk Allocation
			12.2.12 Procurement Planning Outputs
		12.3 Project Procurement Management Executing
			12.3.1 Procurement Solicitation
			12.3.2 Contract Statement of Work
			12.3.3 Procurement Documents
			12.3.4 Prequalification of Service Providers
			12.3.5 Nongovernment Organizations (NGO) Solicitation of Seller Responses
			12.3.6 Public and Government Solicitations
			12.3.7 Evaluation and Selection of Sellers
			12.3.8 Single-Source Procurement
		12.4 Project Procurement Management Monitoring and Controlling
			12.4.1 Contract Management and Contract Administration
			12.4.2 Work Performance Reporting
			12.4.3 Approved Change Requests
			12.4.4 Buyer-Conducted Performance Review
			12.4.5 Inspections and Audits
			12.4.6 Progress Payment System
			12.4.7 Claims Administration
			12.4.8 Records Management Systems
			12.4.9 Project and Contract Documentation
			12.4.10 Project Management Plan Updates
		12.5 Project Procurement Management Closing
			12.5.1 Punch List
			12.5.2 Administrative Closeout
	13. PROJECT STAKEHOLDER MANAGEMENT
		13.1 Stakeholder Management in Construction
			13.1.1 Community
			13.1.2 Labor Unions
			13.1.3 Insurance Providers
			13.1.4 Financial Institutions
			13.1.5 Regulatory Agencies
		13.2 Project Stakeholder Management Initiating
		13.3 Project Stakeholder Management Planning
		13.4 Project Stakeholder Management Executing
		13.5 Project Stakeholder Management Monitoring and Controlling
	14. PROJECT HEALTH, SAFETY, SECURITY, AND ENVIRONMENTAL (HSSE) MANAGEMENT
		14.1 Project Health, Safety, Security, and Environment Management in Construction
			14.1.1 Health
			14.1.2 Safety
			14.1.3 Security
			14.1.4 Environment
		14.2 Project HSSE Management Planning
			14.2.1 Contract Requirements
			14.2.2 Safety and Environmental Policy
			14.2.3 Safety Metrics
			14.2.4 Site Neighborhood Safety and Environmental Characteristics and Constraints
			14.2.5 Trials and Simulations
			14.2.6 Cost of Safety (COS) and Cost of Environment (COE)
			14.2.7 Process Mapping
			14.2.8 Flowcharting
			14.2.9 Project Safety and Environmental Requirements Review
			14.2.10 HSSE Management Plan
			14.2.11 Safety and Environmental Zoning and Signage
			14.2.12 Safety and Environmental Training and Induction Requirements
			14.2.13 Traffic Management Plan
			14.2.14 Emergency Response Plan
			14.2.15 Permit to Work Management Plan
			14.2.16 Waste Management Plan
			14.2.17 Safety and Environmental Programs
		14.3 Project HSSE Management Executing
			14.3.1 Project HSSE Assurance
				14.3.1.1 Safety and Environmental Audits
				14.3.1.2 Safety and Environmental Hazard Risk Analyses
				14.3.1.3 Safety and Environmental Assurance Measurements
		14.4 Project HSSE Management Monitoring and Controlling
			14.4.1 Key Performance Indicators
			14.4.2 Heinrich’s Accident Triangle
			14.4.3 Accident Investigation
			14.4.4 Defect Repair Review
	15. PROJECT FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT
		15.1 Project Financial Management in Construction
		15.2 Project Financial Management Planning
			15.2.1 Sources of Funds for Construction Projects
			15.2.2 Short-Term Financial Fluctuations
			15.2.3 Economic Environment
			15.2.4 Analytical Techniques, Feasibility Study, and Sensitivity Analysis
			15.2.5 Construction Project Finance and Corporate Finance
			15.2.6 Legal Entity
			15.2.7 Contract Requirements
			15.2.8 Financial Impact Risk Factors
			15.2.9 Tax Planning as a Financial Factor
		15.3 Project Financial Management Monitoring and Control
			15.3.1 Project Accounting Systems
			15.3.2 Financial Internal and External Audits
			15.3.3 Cash Flow Analysis
			15.3.4 Financial Reports
			15.3.5 Professional Expertise: Project Monitor, Lender’s Engineer, Investor’s Engineer, or Technical Advisor
			15.3.6 Ex-Post Evaluations
	ANNEX A1
	APPENDIX X1
	APPENDIX X2
	APPENDIX X3
	APPENDIX X4
	REFERENCES
	GLOSSARY
	INDEX
                        

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