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Table of Contents
                            FM 3-20.12, Tank Gunnery (Abrams)
Table of Contents
Preface
Chapter 1. Introduction
	Scope
Chapter 2. Boresighting
	Muzzle Boresight Device (MBD) Collimation
		Collimation Check
	Collimation Procedures (M26A1/M27A1) Collimation Procedures (M26A1/M27A1)
	Boresighting the M1 and M1A1
	Computer Correction Factors and Ammunition Subdesignations
	Muzzle Boresight Procedures (M26A1/M27A1 MBD)
	Precision Alignment of the Gas
	Night Boresighting
	Boresighting the Gas (GPS and TIS Inoperative) Using the M26A1/M27A1 MBD
	Boresight Loss
	Boresight Check
	MRS Confirmation
	Emergency Boresight Procedures
	Boresighting the M1A2
	Computer Correction Factors and Ammunition Subdesignations
	Muzzle Boresight Procedures (M27A1 MBD)
	Precision Alignment of the Gas
	Night Boresighting
	Boresighting the Gas (GPS and TIS Inoperative) Using the M27A1 MBD
	Boresight Loss
	Boresight Check
	MRS Confirmation
	Emergency Procedures
	Boresighting the M1A2 SEP
	Computer Correction Factors and Ammunition Subdesignations
	Muzzle Boresight Procedures (M27A1 MBD)
	Precision Alignment of the GAS
	Night Boresighting
	Boresighting The Gas (GPS and TIS Inoperative) Using the M27A1 MBD
	Boresight Loss
	Boresight Check
	MRS Confirmation
	EMERGENCY PROCEDURES
	Air Temperature and Atmospheric (Barometric) Pressure
Chapter 3 Armament Accuracy Checks
	Check 1 (M1) ― Main Accumulator Pressure
	Check 2 (M1) ― Power Elevation and Elevation Cylinder
	Check 3 (M1) ― Fault Indicator
	Check 4 (M1) ― Special Input
	Check 5 (M1) ― Ballistic Solution
	Check 6 (M1) ― Muzzle Reference System
	Check 1 (M1A1) ― Main Accumulator Pressure
	Check 2 (M1A1) ― Power Elevation and Elevation Cylinder
	Check 3 (M1A1) ― Fault Indicator
	Check 4 (M1A1) ― Special Input
	Check 5 (M1A1) ― Ballistic Solution
	Check 6 (M1A1) ― Muzzle Reference System
	Check 1 (M1A2) ― Main Accumulator Pressure
	Check 2 (M1A2) ― Power Elevation and Elevation Cylinder
	Check 3 (M1A2) ― Fault Indicator
	Check 5 (M1A2) ― Ballistic Solution
	Check 6 (M1A2) ― Muzzle Reference System
Chapter 4 Ammunition and Target Destruction
	Main Gun Ammunition
	Classification
	Identification
	Round-Type Quick Reference Markings
	Components of a Main Gun Round
	Armor-Defeating Ammunition
	Heat
	MPAT
	Technical Data
	Target-Practice Ammunition
	Ammunition Stowage Plan
	Machine Gun Ammunition
	Link Belts
	Identification of Machine Gun Ammunition by Color Code
	Smoke Grenade Ammunition
	Limited-Issue 120-mm Ammunition
	Limited-Issue 105-mm Ammunition
	HEP Ammunition
	Beehive Ammunition (M494 APERS-T)
	White Phosphorus (M416 WP-T)
Chapter 5 Screening Test
	Proofing Team
	Screening Procedures
	Screening Test Failures
	M1A2 Special Input Check
	M1A2 Ballistic Solution Check
	Determining the Mean Point of Impact and Individual Tank CCF
	Alternate Method?Determining Mean Point of Impact and Individual Tank CCF
		M1 and M1A1
		M1A2
	Screening Failure Data-M1, M1A1, and M1A2
	Screening Under Unusual Conditions
	Boresighting and Zeroing the Tank-Mounted Machine Gun
	Boresighting the Caliber .50 Machine Gun (M1 AND M1A1)
	Boresighting without the Caliber .50 (Lenzar) Boresight Device
	Boresighting with the Caliber .50 (Lenzar) Boresight Device
	Zeroing the Caliber .50 Machine Gun
	Zeroing the Coaxial Machine Gun
		M1 and M1A1
		M1A2
	M1A1 Gunner's Quadrant End-For-End Test
Chapter 6 Target Acquisition
	Target Acquisition Process
	Crew Search
		Sectors of Responsibility (M1, M1A1, M1A2, AND M1A2 SEP)
		Dismounted Observer
		Ground-Search Techniques
			Rapid-Scan Technique
			Slow-Scan Technique
			Detailed-Search Technique
		Off-Center Vision
		Air-Search Techniques
			Horizontal Search and Scan
			Vertical Search and Scan
			Estimation of Upper Search Limits
		Target Detection
		Target Signatures
			Soldier Signatures
			Track-Vehicle Signatures
			Antitank Signatures
			Artillery Signatures
			Aircraft Signatures
			Obstacles and Mines
		Detection Challenges
		Detection Tips
	Target Location
		TC Override Method
		Traverse Method
		Reference Point Method
		Clock Method
		Sector Method
		Tank Sketch Card Method
		Grid Method
	Target Identification
	Target Acquisition Reports
	Target Classification
		Most Dangerous
		Dangerous
		Least Dangerous
	Target Confirmation
	Target Acquisition and Conduct-of-Fire Process
Chapter 7 Range Determination
	Immediate Range Determination Methods
		Recognition Method
		M1A2 Commander's Independent Thermal Viewer Stadia Reticle
		Gunner’s Auxiliary Sight Stadia Reticle
		Reticle Relationship Method
		Estimated-Range Method
		Tank Commander's Machine Gun Method
	Deliberate Range Determination Methods
	Mil Relationship Method
	Adjacent Tank Method
	Map Method
	Known Range Method
	Flash-Bang Method
Chapter 8 Direct Fire
	Battlecarry
	Fire Commands
	Fire Command Elements
		Alert
		Ammunition or Weapon
		Description
		Direction
			Traverse Method
			Reference Point and Deflection
			Marking Targets with Tracers (Caliber .50)
		Range
			Known-Range Method
			Estimated-Range Method
		Execution
		Termination of Engagement
		Repeating Commands
		Correcting Errors
	Reduced Fire Commands
	Crew Duties in Response to a Fire Command
	Target Engagements
		Multiple Main Gun or Coax Machine Gun Engagements
		Multiple Weapon Systems Engagement
	Direct-Fire Adjustment Techniques
		Factors in Target Misses
		Sensings
		Subsequent Fire Commands
		Reengage Method
		Standard Adjustment Method Using GPS or Gas
	Gunnery Techniques
		Precision Gunnery
			Gunnery Techniques for MPAT
	Degraded-Mode Gunnery
		LRF Ineffective
			Manually Indexing Range
			Manually Applying Range Using the GAS
			Manually Applying Range Using the CITV Stadia Reticle
		CANT Sensor Failure (M1 and M1A1)
		CANT Sensor Failure (M1A2)
		Crosswind Sensor Failure (M1 and M1A1)
		Crosswind Sensor Failure (M1A2)
		GPS Azimuth Drive System Failure (M1 and M1A1)
		Lead System Failure (M1A2)
		GPS Failure (Day Channel)
		Loss of Boresight
		Normal-Mode Failure
		Turret Power Failure
		Loss of Replenisher
		Misfire
		Loss of a Crew Member
			Fire Control Preparation for Three-Man Crew Operations
			Modification of Crew Duties
		Loss of TIS on the M1 and M1A1 or TIS and CITV on the M1A2
			Night Vision
			Searchlight Illumination
			Indirect Illumination
	Battlesight Gunnery
		Determining Battlesight Range
		Firing through Smoke
	Error Sources
		Fixed Biases
			System Parallax
			Ballistic Drift
			Mean Jump
	Variable Biases
		Boresight/Boresight Retention
		Cant (Trunnion Tilt)
		Crosswind
		Fire Control
		Ballistic Solution
		Muzzle Velocity Variation
		Range Estimation
		Optical Path Bending
		Variable Jump
	Random Errors
		Round-to-Round Dispersion
		Gunner Lay Error
Chapter 9 Machine Guns
	Employing Tank-Mounted Machine Guns
		Coax Machine Gun
			Engagement Technique for Area Targets
			Engagement Technique for Point Targets
		Loader's Machine Gun
		Tank Commander's Weapon
	Special Use of Machine Guns
		Suppressive Fire Engagements
		Reconnaissance by Fire
		Ranging
		Designating Targets
		Firing through Cover
		Incendiary Effects
		Ricochet Fire
		Aircraft Engagement Techniques
			Engaging High-Performance Aircraft
			Engaging Helicopters
		Heliborne Infantry and Paratroopers
Chapter 10 Employing the Abrams Tank
	Functional Capabilities
		Abrams Fleet Specific
			M1, M1A1, and M1A1D
			M1A2 and M1A2 SEP
	Sighting Systems
		Gunner's Primary Sight (GPS)
			GPS (Day Channel)
			GPS (Thermal Channel)
			Forward-Looking Infrared (FLIR) (Thermal Channel)
			GPS Extension
		Gunner's Auxiliary Sight
		Commander's Weapon Station
	Fighting Position Construction and Proofing
		Types of Fighting Positions
		Fighting Position Construction
		Fighting Position Proofing
	Weapons Planning Ranges and Considerations
	Tank Sketch Cards
		Creating a Sketch Card (M1 and M1A1)
		Creating a Sketch Card Using IVIS (M1A2)
		Creating a Sketch Card Using FBCB2 (M1A1D and M1A2 SEP)
	On-Board Smoke Employment Techniques
		M250 Smoke Grenade Launcher System
		M257 Smoke Grenade Launcher System
		Fire Command for M250 or M257 Smoke Grenade Launcher
		Vehicle Engine Exhaust Smoke System
		Conditions that Affect On-Board Smoke Employment
			Wind Speed and Direction
			Other Factors
		Gunnery Techniques when Employing Smoke or in a Smoke Environment
			Thermal Imaging System Engagement
			Gunner's Primary Sight Daylight Channel Engagement
			Smoke Employment against Enemy ATGM Gunners and Helicopters
			On-Board Smoke Employment against Enemy Observers
Chapter 11 Survivability and Fight-Back Capability
	Ammunition Compartment Hit
		Bustle Ammunition Compartment Fires
		Hull Ammunition Compartment Fires
	Crew Compartment Ammunition Fires
		Exit an M1A1 or M1A2 Tank during an Ammunition Fire
	Loss of Communications
	Abandon Tank
		Disabling Tank Procedures
	Crew Evacuation
	Tank Rollover
Chapter 12 Tank Crew Gunnery Skills Test (TCGST)
	Requirements
	Safety Precautions
	Evaluation Procedures
		Administrative Process
		Administrative Procedures for Crewman Receiving a No-Go
	Evaluation Criteria
	Personnel, Equipment, and Material Required
	Planning Considerations
	Test Stations
		Test Administrative Guide Station 1 (M1, M1A1, and M1A2)
		Criterion Scoring Checklist for Station 1
		Test Administrative Guide Station 2 (M1)
		Criterion Scoring Checklist for Station 2
		Test Administrative Guide Station 2A (M1A1 and M1A2)
		Criterion Scoring Checklist for Station 2A
		Test Administrative Guide Station 3 (M1, M1A1, and M1A2)
		Criterion Scoring Checklist for Station 3
		Procedures Guide for Station 3 Clear, Disassemble, Assemble, Perform a Function Check, Load, and Perform Immediate Action on the M240 7.62-mm Machine Gun
		Test Administrative Guide Station 4 (M1 and M1A1)
		Criterion Scoring Checklist for Station 4
		Procedures Guide for Station 4
		Test Administrative Guide Station 4A (M1A2)
		Criterion Scoring Checklist for Station 4A
		Procedures Guide for Station 4A
		Test Administrative Guide Station 5 (M1)
		Criterion Scoring Checklist for Station 5
		Test Administrative Guide Station 5A
		Criterion Scoring Checklist for Station 5A
		Test Administrative Guide Station 6
		Criterion Scoring Checklist for Station 6
		Test Administrative Guide Station 6A
		Criterion Scoring Checklist for Station 6A
		Test Administrative Guide Station 6B
		Criterion Scoring Checklist for Station 6B
		Test Administrative Guide Station 7
		Criterion Scoring Checklist for Station 7
		Test Administration Guide Station 7A
		Criterion Scoring Checklist for Station 7A
		Test Administration Guide Station 7B
		Criterion Scoring Checklist for Station 7B
		Test Administrative Guide Station 8 (M1)
		Criterion Scoring Checklist for Station 8
		Test Administrative Guide Station 8A
		Criterion Scoring Checklist for Station 8A
		Test Administrative Guide Station 9
		Criterion Scoring Checklist for Station 9
		Test Administrative Guide Station 10
		Criterion Scoring Checklist for Station 10
		Test Administrative Guide Station 11
		Criterion Scoring Checklist for Station 11
		Test Administration Guide Station 12
		Criterion Scoring Checklist for Station 12
Chapter 13 Gunnery Training Program
	Commander’s Assessment
	Training Goals
	Training Requirements
	Training Plan
	Preparatory Tank Gunnery Training
		Boresighting
		Armament Accuracy Checks
		Crew Skills Training
			Phase I-Fire Control Training
				Fire Control Technology
				Prepare-to-Fire Checks
			Phase II-Manipulation Drills
				Gun-Laying Exercises
				Tracking Board (Snake Board) Exercises
				Target Hand-Off Exercise
	Training Devices
	Tank Crew Gunnery Skills Test
		Thermal-Mode Training
		Target Acquisition Training
		Range Estimation and Determination Training
		Smoke Employment Training
	Tank Combat Tables
		Basic Tables
			Basic Tank Gunnery Tables
			Basic Tank Tactical Tables
		Intermediate Tables
			Intermediate Tank Gunnery Tables
			Intermediate Tank Tactical Tables
		Advanced Tables
			Advanced Tank Gunnery Tables
			Advanced Tank Tactical Tables
	Long-Range Tank Gunnery
		Selecting Tanks and Crews
		Sensings
	Scaled-Range Gunnery
	Training Analysis
	Range or Training Area for Tank Combat Training
		Establishing a Live-Fire Tank Range
			Site Selection
			Surface Danger Zone (SDZ) Diagrams
		Range or Tactical Course Reconnaissance
		Conduct of the Range or Training Area
			Administration and Emergency Directions
			Required Personnel
			Range Equipment
			Range or Training Area Layout
			Developing Scenarios for Gunnery Tables
				Planning the Scenario
				Developing the Scenario
				Proofing the Scenario
			Targets
				Hard Targets (Live Fire)
				Soft Targets (Live Fire)
			Tank Flags
			Range Control
			Range Communications
		Range Operations
			Use of Assets
			Opening the Range and Occupying the Training Site
			During the Exercise
			Closing the Range
			Guides to Successful Training
			Master Gunner’s Range Box
Chapter 14 Crew-Level Gunnery
	Tank Gunnery Methodology
	Tank Gunnery Evaluation Tables
	Tank Crew Evaluators
		Basic and Intermediate Tables
	After-Action Reviews
		Introduction and Rules
		Review of Objectives and Intent
		Summary of Firing Events
		Discussion of Key Issues (Analysis of Fire Commands and Crew Duties)
		Discussion of Optional Issues
		Discussion of Force Protection (Safety)
		Closing Comments
	Tank Gunnery Qualification
		Prerequisites
		Qualification
			Basic Gunnery Skills (Individual)
			Tank Crew Proficiency Course
			Intermediate Qualification Course (Crew)
	All-Weather Firing
	Ammunition
	Targets
		Lateral Spread of Targets
	Evaluation Procedures and Standards
		Tables IV through VIII
			Target Signature Devices
			Crew Protection Status
			Machine Gun Engagements
			Main Gun Engagements
			Timing Procedures
				Target Exposure Time
				Target Engagement Time
				Defilade Time
				Target Presentation Considerations
				Dust Down/Wind Down
				Misfires
				Obscuration
				Other Break Times
			Wingman Tanks
		Alibis
		Evaluating Crew Duties
		Immediate Disqualification-Extremely Hazardous Conduct
		Automatic Zero-Point Penalty-Blatant Disregard for Announced Task, Conditions, and Standards
			30-Point Penalty (Level I)
			20-Point Penalty (Level II)
			5-Point Penalty
			Failure to Engage All Presented Targets
		Scoring Procedures
			Scoring Instructions for Defensive Tasks
			Scoring Instructions for Offensive Tasks
			Scoring Considerations for Target Miss
			Example Defensive Tasks
			Example Offensive Tasks
	Conduct of Tank Table IBasic Gunnery Skills (Individual)
		Concept
		Execution
		Conduct of Table
			Gun-Laying Exercise for the M1, M1A1, and M1A2
			Manipulation Exercise
			Tracking Exercises
			Target Designate Exercises for the M1A2
			Range Determination Exercises
			Target Engagement Exercises
		Scoring
	Conduct of Tank Table IIBasic Gunnery Skills (Individual/Crew)
		Concept
		Conduct of Tasks
		Execution
		Scoring
	Conduct of Tank Table IIIBasic Training Course (Crew)
		Conduct of Tasks
		Execution
		Scoring
	Conduct of Tank Table IVTank Crew Proficiency Course
		Concept
		Conduct of Tasks
		Execution
		Scoring
	Conduct of Tank Table VPreliminary Machine Gun Training
		Concept
		Conduct of Tasks
		Execution
		Scoring
	Conduct of Tank Table VIPreliminary Main Gun Training
		Concept
		Conduct of Tasks
		Execution
		Scoring
	Conduct of Table VIIIntermediate Training Course
		Concept
		Conduct of Tasks
		Execution
		Scoring
	Conduct of Table VIIIIntermediate Qualification Course (Crew)
		Concept
		Conduct of Tasks
		Execution
		Scoring
Chapter 15 Collective Gunnery Training
	Safety
	Conduct of Table IX (Advanced Training Course) (Section) and Table X (Advanced Qualification Course) (Section)
		Concept
		Conduct of the Table
			Main Gun Targets
			Machine Gun Targets
			Noncombatant Targets
		Scoring
		Codes for Scoresheet Blocks
			Weather
			Temperature
			Visibility
	Advanced Table X-Live-Fire Scenario (Sample)
	Conduct of Table XI (Advanced Training Course) (Platoon) and Table XII (Advanced Qualification Course) (Platoon)
		Concept
		Prerequisites
		Conduct of the Table
			Scenario Construction
			Main Gun Targets
			Machine Gun Targets
			Noncombatant Targets (Civilian)
			Evaluators
			Scoring
				Gunnery Proficiency
				Tactical Proficiency
				Overall Scoring
		Codes for Scoresheet Blocks
			Weather
			Temperature
			Visibility
	Conduct of the Fire Coordination Exercise (FCX)
		Concept
	Conduct of the Combined Arms Live-Fire Exercise (CALFEX)
		Concept
		Prerequisites
		Training Philosophy
		Planning Guidelines
			Weapon System Considerations
				Mechanized Infantry
				Armor
				Laser Safe Designation (LRF)
				Scouts
				Army Aviation
				Field Artillery (FA)
				Mortars
				Close Air Support
				Air Defense Artillery (ADA)
				Engineers
				Countermobility
				Survivability
				Mobility
				Ground Surveillance Radar (GSR)
				Combat Service Support (CSS)
				Ammunition Requirements
			Range Requirements
				Composite Surface Danger Zones
			Personnel Requirements
				Command and Control
				Evaluators
			Equipment
			Training
				Progressive Training
				Training Alternatives
				Key Personnel Training
		Execution
			Phase One
			Phase Two
			Phase Three
		Evaluation
			Standards for Evaluation
			Scoring
				Direct-Fire Scoring
				Direct-Fire Standards and Applications
				Tactical and Procedural Scoring
				Checklists and Scoresheets
				Integration of Indirect and Supporting Fires
				After-Action Review
Chapter 16 Tank Tactical Tables
	Organization of the Tactical Tables
		Basic Tables A, B, And C
		Intermediate Tables D, E, and F
		Advanced Tables G, H, and I
	Tactical Tables in Training
	Training Resources
	Evaluation
	Opposing Forces
	Tactical Table A—Individual Crew Member Tasks
	Individual Crew Member Tasks, Conditions, and Standards
	Tactical Table B—Crew Drills
		Protect Against Chemical Agent Attack Training Guidelines
			Task B-1
			Conditions
			Standards
			Crew Drill Instructions
		Protect Against Nuclear Attack Training Guidelines
			Task B-2
			Conditions
			Standards
			Crew Drill Instructions
		Disable and Abandon Automotively Crippled Tank Training Guidelines
			Task B-3
			Conditions
			Standards
			Crew Drill Instructions
		Evacuate Injured Crewman Training Guidelines
			Task B-4
			Conditions
			Standards
			Crew Drill Instructions
		Evacuate Injured Driver Training Guidelines
			Task B-5
			Conditions
			Standards
			Crew Drill Instructions
		React to Indirect Fire Training Guidelines
			Task B-6
			Conditions
			Standards
			Crew Drill Instructions
		Evade Antitank Guided Missile Training Guidelines
			Task B-7
			Conditions
			Standards
			Crew Drill Instructions
	Tactical Table C-Crew Reaction Exercises
		Engage Targets with Multiple Weapons Systems
			Task C-1
			Conditions
			OPFOR Instructions
			Performance Steps
			Standards
		Engage a Helicopter
			Task C-2
			Conditions
			OPFOR Instructions
			Performance Steps
			Standards
		Engage OPFOR Tanks
			Task C-3
			Conditions
			OPFOR Instructions
			Performance Steps
			Standards
		Engage OPFOR Security Element
			Task C-4
			Conditions
			OPFOR Instructions
			Performance Steps
			Standards
		React to Ambush
			Task C-5
			Conditions
			OPFOR Instructions
			Performance Steps
			Standards
	Tactical Table D—Battle Drills (Coordination Between Crews)
		Move Tactically Using The Wingman Concept
			Task D-1
			Conditions
			Performance Steps
			Standards
		Execute Herringbone Formation
			Task D-2
			Conditions
			Performance Steps
			Standards
	Tactical Table E—Section Battle Drills
		Execute Action Drill
			Task E-1
			Conditions
			Performance Steps
			Standards
		Execute Contact Drill
			Task E-2
			Conditions
			Performance Steps
			Standards
		React to Indirect Fire
			Task E-3
			Conditions
			Performance Steps
			Standards
	Tactical Table F—Section Reaction Exercises
		Engage Multiple Targets
			Task F-1
			Conditions
			OPFOR Instructions
			Performance Steps
			Standards
		Engage Multiple Machine Gun Targets
			Task F-2
			Conditions
			OPFOR Instructions
			Performance Steps
			Standards
		React to Ambush/Reconnaissance by Fire
			Task F-3
			Conditions
			OPFOR Instructions
			Performance Steps
			Standards
		Engage Enemy Tank Platoon
			Task F-4
			Conditions
			OPFOR Instructions
			Performance Steps
			Standards
	Tactical Table G—Battle Drills (Coordination Within Platoon)
		Execute Column Formation
			Task G-1
			Conditions
			Performance Steps
			Standards
		Execute Perimeter Defense
			Task G-2
			Conditions
			Performance Steps
			Standards
		Execute Herringbone Formation
			Task G-3
			Conditions
			Performance Steps
			Standards
		Execute Wedge Formation
			Task G-4
			Conditions
			Performance Steps
			Standards
		Execute Line Formation
			Task G-5
			Conditions
			Performance Steps
			Standards
		Execute Bounding Overwatch
			Task G-6
			Conditions
			Performance Steps
			Standards
	Tactical Table H—Platoon Battle Drills
		Execute Action Drill
			Task H-1
			Conditions
			Performance Steps
			Standards
		Execute Contact Drill
			Task H-2
			Conditions
			Performance Steps
			Standards
		Execute Air Attack Drill
			Task H-3
			Conditions
			Performance Steps
			Standards
		React to Indirect Fire
			Task H-4
			Conditions
			Performance Steps
			Standards
	Tactical Table I—Platoon Reaction Exercises
		Engage Multiple Machine Gun Targets
			Task I-1
			Conditions
			OPFOR Instructions
			Performance Steps
			Standards
		Engage Multiple Targets (OPFOR Regimental CP)
			Task I-2
			Conditions
			OPFOR Instructions
			Performance Steps
			Standards
		Engage a Helicopter
			Task I-3
			Conditions
			OPFOR Instructions
			Performance Steps
			Standards
		React to Ambush
			Task I-4
			Conditions
			OPFOR Instructions
			Performance Steps
			Standards
		Conduct a Platoon Defense
			Task I-5
			Conditions
			OPFOR Instructions
			Performance Steps
			Standards
Appendix Risk Management
	Risk Management Procedures
	Step 1 - Identify Hazards
	Step 2 - Assess Hazard to Determine Risks
	Step 3 - Develop Controls and Make Risk Decisions
		Developing Controls
		Making Risk Decisions
	Step 4 - Implement Controls
	Step 5 - Supervise and Evaluate
		Supervision
		Evaluation
	Implementation Responsibilities
Glossary
Reference
Index
Authentication Page
                        

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