Download Measurement of joint motion : a guide to goniometry PDF

TitleMeasurement of joint motion : a guide to goniometry
File Size57.1 MB
Total Pages592
Table of Contents
                            Title Page
Copyright
Preface
Contributing Authors
Reviewers
Acknowledgments
About the Authors
Brief Contents
Contents
PART I INTRODUCTION TOGONIOMETRY AND MUSCLE LENGTH TESTING
	Chapter 1
Basic Concepts
		Kinematics
			Arthrokinematics
			Osteokinematics
			Planes and Axes
		Range of Motion
			Active Range of Motion
			Passive Range of Motion
			Hypomobility
			Hypermobility
			Factors Affecting Range of Motion
		Muscle Length Testing
	Chapter 2 
Procedures
		Positioning
		Stabilization
		Exercise 1 Determining the End of the Range of Motion and End-Feel
		Measurement Instruments
			Universal Goniometer
			Exercise 2 The Universal Goniometer
			Exercise 3 Goniometer Alignment for Elbow Flexion
			Gravity-Dependent Goniometers (Inclinometers)
			Exercise 4 Inclinometers
			Exercise 5 Inclinometer Alignment for Cervical Rotation
			Electrogoniometers
			Radiography
			Photography
			Smartphones
			Visual Estimation
		Recording
			Numerical Tables
			Pictorial Charts
			Sagittal–Frontal–Transverse– Rotation (SFTR) Method of Recording
			American Medical Association Guides to Evaluation of Permanent Impairment Method
		Procedures
			Precautions to Range of Motion and Muscle Length
			Preparation for Testing
			Explanation of Procedure
			Testing Procedure
			Exercise 6 Explanation of Goniometric Testing Procedure
			Exercise 7 Testing Procedure for Goniometric Measurement of Elbow Flexion ROM
	Chapter 3 
Validity and Reliability of Goniometric Measurement
		Validity
			Face Validity
			Content Validity
			Criterion-Related Validity
			Construct Validity
		Reliability
			Summary of Goniometric Reliability Studies
			Statistical Methods of Evaluating Measurement Reliability
			Exercises to Evaluate Reliability
			Exercise 8 Intratester Reliability
			Exercise 9 Intertester Reliability
			Exercise 10 Calculation of the Standard Error of Measurement and Minimal Detectable Change
			Exercise 11 Calculation of the Pearson Product-Moment Correlation Coefficient, Standar dError of Measurement, and Minimal Detectable Change
PART II UPPER-EXTREMITYTESTING
	Chapter 4 The Shoulder
		Structure and Function
			Shoulder Complex
			Glenohumeral Joint
			Sternoclavicular Joint
			Acromioclavicular Joint
			Scapulothoracic Joint
		Range of Motion Testing Procedures
			Landmarks for Testing Procedures
			FLEXION
			EXTENSION
			ABDUCTION
			ADDUCTION
			MEDIAL (INTERNAL) ROTATION
			LATERAL (EXTERNAL) ROTATION
		Research Findings
			Effects of Age, Gender, and Other Factors
			Functional Range of Motion
			Reliability and Validity
	Chapter 5 The Elbow and Forearm
		Structure and Function
			Humeroulnar and Humeroradial Joints
			Superior and Inferior Radioulnar Joints
		RANGE OF MOTION TESTING PROCEDURES
			Landmarks for Testing Procedures
			ELBOW FLEXION
			ELBOW EXTENSION
			FOREARM PRONATION
			FOREARM SUPINATION
		MUSCLE LENGTH TESTING PROCEDURES
			Landmarks for Testing Procedures
			ELBOW FLEXORS
			BICEPS BRACHII MUSCLE LENGTH TEST
			ELBOW EXTENSORS
			LONG HEAD OF THE TRICEPS BRACHIIMUSCLE LENGTH TEST
		Research Findings
			Effects of Age, Gender, and Other Factors
			Functional Range of Motion
			Reliability and Validity
	Chapter 6 The Wrist
		Structure and Function
			Radiocarpal and Midcarpal Joints
		RANGE OF MOTION TESTING PROCEDURES
			Landmarks for Testing Procedures
			WRIST FLEXION
			WRIST EXTENSION
			WRIST RADIAL DEVIATION
			WRIST ULNAR DEVIATION
		MUSCLE LENGTH TESTING PROCEDURES
			Landmarks for Testing Procedures
			WRIST FLEXORS
			THE FLEXOR DIGITORUMPROFUNDUS AND FLEXORDIGITORUM SUPERFICIALISMUSCLE LENGTH TEST
			WRIST EXTENSORS
			THE EXTENSOR DIGITORUM,EXTENSOR INDICIS, AND EXTENSORDIGITI MINIMI MUSCLE LENGTH TEST
		Research Findings
			Effects of Age, Gender, and Other Factors
			Functional Range of Motion
			Reliability and Validity
	Chapter 7 The Hand
		Structure and Function
			Fingers: Metacarpophalangeal Joints
			Fingers: Proximal Interphalangeal and Distal Interphalangeal Joints
			Thumb: Carpometacarpal Joint
			Thumb: Metacarpophalangeal Joint
			Thumb: Interphalangeal Joint
		RANGE OF MOTION TESTING PROCEDURES: Fingers
			Landmarks for Testing Procedures
			FINGERS: METACARPOPHALANGEAL(MCP) FLEXION
			FINGERS: METACARPOPHALANGEALEXTENSION
			FINGERS: METACARPOPHALANGEALABDUCTION
			FINGERS: METACARPOPHALANGEALADDUCTION
			FINGERS: PROXIMALINTERPHALANGEAL FLEXION
			FINGERS: PROXIMALINTERPHALANGEAL EXTENSION
			FINGERS: DISTAL INTERPHALANGEALFLEXION
			FINGERS: DISTAL INTERPHALANGEALEXTENSION
			FINGERS: COMPOSITE FLEXION OFTHE MCP, PIP, AND DIP JOINTS
		RANGE OF MOTION TESTING PROCEDURES: Thumb
			Landmarks for Testing Procedures
			THUMB: CARPOMETACARPAL  FLEXION
			THUMB: CARPOMETACARPAL EXTENSION
			THUMB: CARPOMETACARPAL ABDUCTION
			THUMB: CARPOMETACARPAL ADDUCTION
			THUMB: CARPOMETACARPAL OPPOSITION
			THUMB: METACARPOPHALANGEAL FLEXION
			THUMB: METACARPOPHALANGEAL EXTENSION
			THUMB: INTERPHALANGEAL FLEXION
			THUMB: INTERPHALANGEAL EXTENSION
		MUSCLE LENGTH TESTING PROCEDURES: Fingers
			Landmarks for Testing Procedures
			METACARPOPHALANGEAL FLEXORS
			LUMBRICALS, PALMAR INTEROSSEI,AND DORSAL INTEROSSEI MUSCLE LENGTH TEST
		Research Findings
			Effects of Age, Gender, and Other Factors
			Functional Range of Motion
			Reliability and Validity
PART III LOWER-EXTREMITY TESTING
	Chapter 8 The Hip
		Structure and Function
			Iliofemoral Joint
		RANGE OF MOTION TESTING PROCEDURES
			Landmarks for Testing Procedures
			HIP FLEXION
			HIP EXTENSION
			HIP ABDUCTION
			HIP ADDUCTION
			HIP MEDIAL (INTERNAL) ROTATION
			HIP LATERAL (EXTERNAL) ROTATION
		MUSCLE LENGTH TESTING PROCEDURES
			Landmarks for Testing Procedures
			HIP FLEXORS
			THOMAS TEST
			HIP EXTENSORS
			STRAIGHT LEG RAISING (SLR) TEST
			HIP ABDUCTORS
			OBER TEST
			MODIFIED OBER TEST
		Research Findings
			Effects of Age, Gender, and Other Factors
			Functional Range of Motion
			Reliability and Validity of Hip Range of Motion Measurements
			Reliability and Validity of Muscle Length Testing
	Chapter 9 The Knee
		Structure and Function
			Tibiofemoral and Patellofemoral Joints
		RANGE OF MOTION TESTING PROCEDURES
			Landmarks for Testing Procedures
			KNEE FLEXION
			KNEE EXTENSION
			KNEE ROTATION
		MUSCLE LENGTH TESTING PROCEDURES
			Landmarks for Testing Procedure
			ELY TEST
			KNEE FLEXORS
			DISTAL HAMSTRING LENGTH TEST
		Research Findings
			Effects of Age, Gender, and Other Factors
			Functional Range of Motion
			Reliability and Validity of Range of Motion Measurement
			Reliability and Validity of Muscle Length Testing
	Chapter 10 The Ankle and Foot
		Structure and Function
			Proximal and Distal Tibiofibular Joints
			Talocrural Joint
			Subtalar Joint
			Transverse Tarsal (Midtarsal) Joint
			Tarsometatarsal Joints
			Metatarsophalangeal Joints
			Interphalangeal Joints
		RANGE OF MOTION TESTING PROCEDURES
			Landmark,s for Testing Procedures: Talocrural Joint
			TALOCRURAL JOINT: DORSIFLEXION
			TALOCRURAL JOINT:PLANTARFLEXION
			TARSAL JOINTS: INVERSION
			TARSAL JOINTS: EVERSION
			Landmarks for Testing Procedures: Subtalar Joint (Rearfoot)
			SUBTALAR JOINT (REARFOOT):INVERSION
			TRANSVERSE TARSAL (MIDTARSAL)JOINT: INVERSION
			TRANSVERSE TARSAL (MIDTARSAL)JOINT: EVERSION
			Landmarks for Testing Procedures: Metatarsophalangeal and Interphalangeal Joints
			METATARSOPHALANGEAL JOINT:FLEXION
			METATARSOPHALANGEAL JOINT:EXTENSION
			METATARSOPHALANGEAL JOINT:ABDUCTION
			METATARSOPHALANGEAL JOINT:ADDUCTION
			INTERPHALANGEAL JOINT OFTHE FIRST TOE AND PROXIMALINTERPHALANGEAL JOINTS OF THEFOUR LESSER TOES: FLEXION
			INTERPHALANGEAL JOINT OFTHE FIRST TOE AND PROXIMALINTERPHALANGEAL JOINTS OF THEFOUR LESSER TOES: EXTENSION
			DISTAL INTERPHALANGEAL JOINTSOF THE FOUR LESSER TOES: FLEXION
			DISTAL INTERPHALANGEALJOINTS OF THE FOUR LESSER TOES:EXTENSION
		MUSCLE LENGTH TESTING PROCEDURES
			Landmarks for Testing Procedures
			ANKLE PLANTARFLEXORS
			GASTROCNEMIUS MUSCLE LENGTHTEST: SUPINE NON-WEIGHTBEARING
			GASTROCNEMIUS MUSCLE LENGTHTEST: STANDING WEIGHT-BEARING
		Research Findings
			Effects of Age, Gender, and Other Factors
			Functional Range of Motion
			Reliability and Validity
PART IV TESTING OF THE SPINE ANDTEMPOROMANDIBULARJOINT
	Chapter 11 The Cervical Spine
		Structure and Function
			Atlanto-Occipital and Atlantoaxial Joints
			Intervertebral and Zygapophyseal (Facet) Joints
		RANGE OF MOTION TESTING PROCEDURES
			Landmarks for Testing Procedures
			CERVICAL FLEXION:UNIVERSAL GONIOMETER
			CERVICAL FLEXION: TAPE MEASURE
			CERVICAL FLEXION:DOUBLE INCLINOMETERS
			CERVICAL FLEXION:SINGLE INCLINOMETER
			CERVICAL FLEXION: CERVICAL RANGEOF MOTION DEVICE
			CERVICAL EXTENSION:UNIVERSAL GONIOMETER
			CERVICAL EXTENSION:TAPE MEASURE
			CERVICAL EXTENSION:DOUBLE INCLINOMETERS
			CERVICAL EXTENSION:SINGLE INCLINOMETER
			CERVICAL EXTENSION: CROM DEVICE
			CERVICAL LATERAL FLEXION:UNIVERSAL GONIOMETER
			CERVICAL LATERAL FLEXION:TAPE MEASURE
			CERVICAL LATERAL FLEXION:DOUBLE INCLINOMETERS
			CERVICAL LATERAL FLEXION:SINGLE INCLINOMETER
			CERVICAL LATERAL FLEXION:CROM DEVICE
			CERVICAL ROTATION:UNIVERSAL GONIOMETER
			CERVICAL ROTATION: TAPE MEASURE
			CERVICAL ROTATION:SINGLE INCLINOMETER
			CERVICAL ROTATION: CROM DEVICE
		Research Findings
			Effects of Age, Gender, and Other Factors
			Functional Range of Motion
			Reliability and Validity
	Chapter 12 The Thoracic and Lumbar Spine
		Structure and Function
			Thoracic Spine
			Lumbar Spine
		RANGE OF MOTION TESTING PROCEDURES
			Landmarks for Testing Procedures
			THORACOLUMBAR FLEXION
			THORACOLUMBAR FLEXION:TAPE MEASURE
			THORACOLUMBAR FLEXION:FINGERTIP-TO-FLOOR
			THORACOLUMBAR FLEXION:DOUBLE INCLINOMETERS
			THORACOLUMBAR EXTENSION
			THORACOLUMBAR EXTENSION:TAPE MEASURE
			THORACOLUMBAR EXTENSION:PRONE PUSH-UP
			THORACOLUMBAR EXTENSION:DOUBLE INCLINOMETERS
			THORACOLUMBAR LATERAL FLEXION
			THORACOLUMBAR LATERALFLEXION: UNIVERSAL GONIOMETER
			THORACOLUMBAR LATERALFLEXION: FINGERTIP-TO-FLOOR
			THORACOLUMBAR LATERAL FLEXON:FINGERTIP-TO-THIGH
			THORACOLUMBAR LATERALFLEXION: DOUBLE INCLINOMETERS
			THORACOLUMBAR ROTATION
			THORACOLUMBAR ROTATION:UNIVERSAL GONIOMETER
			THORACOLUMBAR ROTATION:DOUBLE INCLINOMETERS
			LUMBAR FLEXION
			LUMBAR FLEXION: MODIFIEDMODIFIEDSCHOBER TEST (MMST)OR SIMPLIFIED SKIN DISTRACTIONTEST
			LUMBAR FLEXION:DOUBLE INCLINOMETERS
			LUMBAR FLEXION:SINGLE INCLINOMETER
			LUMBAR EXTENSION
			LUMBAR EXTENSION: MODIFIEDMODIFIEDSCHOBER TEST ORSIMPLIFIED SKIN ATTRACTION TEST
			LUMBAR EXTENSION:DOUBLE INCLINOMETERS
			LUMBAR EXTENSION:SINGLE INCLINOMETER
			LUMBAR LATERAL FLEXION
			LUMBAR LATERAL FLEXION:DOUBLE INCLINOMETERS
			LUMBAR LATERAL FLEXION:SINGLE INCLINOMETER
		Research Findings
			Effects of Age, Gender, and Other Factors
			Functional Range of Motion
			Reliability and Validity
	Chapter 13 The Temporomandibular Joint
		Structure and Function
			Temporomandibular Joint
		RANGE OF MOTION TESTING PROCEDURES
			Landmarks for Testing Procedures
			OVERBITE
			PROTRUSION OF THE MANDIBLE
			LATERAL EXCURSION OF THEMANDIBLE
		Research Findings
			Effects of Age, Gender, and Other Factors
			Reliability and Validity
APPENDIXES
	Appendix A NORMATIVE RANGEOF MOTION VALUES
	Appendix B 
SUMMARY GUIDES FORMEASURING RANGEOF MOTION
	Appendix C JOINT MEASUREMENTS BY BODY POSITION
	Appendix D
NUMERICAL RECORDING FORMS
Index
                        

Similer Documents