Download Petroleum Engineer's Guide to Oil Field Chemicals and Fluids PDF

TitlePetroleum Engineer's Guide to Oil Field Chemicals and Fluids
File Size7.2 MB
Total Pages809
Table of Contents
                            Title page
Copyright
Table of Contents
Preface
	How to Use This Book
	Acknowledgments
Chapter 1. Drilling Muds
	Classification of Muds
	Mud Compositions
	Additives
	Cleaning Operations
	Drilling Fluid Disposal
	Characterization of Drilling Muds
	References
	Tradenames
Chapter 2. Fluid Loss Additives
	Mechanism of Action of Fluid Loss Agents
	Inorganic Additives
	Organic Additives
	Polysaccharides
	Humic Acid Derivates
	Synthetic Polymers
	References
	Tradenames
Chapter 3. Clay Stabilization
	Properties of Clays
	Mechanisms Causing Instability
	Swelling Inhibitors
	Test Methods
	References
	Tradenames
Chapter 4. Lubricants
	Synthetic Greases
	Lubricant Compositions
	Special Issues
	References
	Tradenames
Chapter 5. Bacterial Control
	Mechanisms of Growth
	Treatments with Biocides
	Biocides
	References
	Tradenames
Chapter 6. Corrosion Inhibitors
	Classification of Corrosion Inhibitors
	Fields of Application
	Application Techniques
	Characterization
	Side Effects
	Inhibitor Chemicals
	Miscellaneous Inhibitors
	References
	Tradenames
Chapter 7. Scale Inhibitors
	Classification and Mechanism
	Mathematical Models
	Inhibitor Chemicals
	Characterization
	References
	Tradenames
Chapter 8. Gelling Agents
	Placing Gels
	Basic Mechanisms of Gelling Agents
	Gelling in Oil-based Systems
	Gelling in Water-based Systems
	In Situ Formed Polymers
	References
	Tradenames
Chapter 9. Filter Cake Removal
	Bridging Agents
	Degradation by Acids
	Orthoesters
	Enzymatic Degradation
	Peroxides
	Degradation by Oligosaccharides
	Breaking by Emulsions
	Special Issues
	References
Chapter 10. Cement Additives
	Cementing Technologies
	Basic Composition of Portland Cement
	Special Cement Types
	Classification of Cement Additives
	References
	Tradenames
Chapter 11. Transport
	Pretreatment of the Products
	Corrosion Control
	Paraffin Inhibitors
	Pour Point Depressants
	Drag Reducers
	Hydrate Control
	Additives for Slurry Transport
	Additives for Odorization
	Cleaning
	References
Chapter 12. Drag Reducers
	Operating Costs
	Mechanism of Drag Reduction
	Drag-reducing Chemicals
	References
Chapter 13. Gas Hydrate Control
	Naturally Occurring Gas Hydrates
	Problems with Gas Hydrates in Petroleum Technology
	Nature of Inclusion Compounds
	Conditions for Formation
	Formation and Properties of Gas Hydrates
	Test Procedures for Inhibitors
	Inhibition of Gas Hydrate Formation
	Hydrate Inhibitors for Drilling Fluids
	References
	Tradenames
Chapter 14. Antifreeze Agents
	Theory of Action
	Antifreeze Chemicals
	Heat Transfer Liquids
	Special Uses
	References
Chapter 15. Odorization
	General Aspects
	Measurement and Odor Monitoring
	Additives for Odorization
	Industrial Synthesis of Odorants
	Uses and Properties
	References
	Tradenames
Chapter 16. Enhanced Oil Recovery
	Waterflooding
	Caustic Waterflooding
	Acid Flooding
	Emulsion Flooding
	Chemical Injection
	Polymer Waterflooding
	Combination Flooding
	Foam Flooding
	Carbon Dioxide Flooding
	Steamflooding
	In Situ Combustion
	Special Techniques
	Microbial-Enhanced Oil Recovery Techniques
	Reservoir Properties
	Treatment of Produced Water
	Soil Remediation
	References
Chapter 17. Fracturing Fluids
	Stresses and Fractures
	Comparison of Stimulation Techniques
	Types of Hydraulic Fracturing Fluids
	Water-Based Systems
	Oil-Based Systems
	Foam-Based Fracturing Fluids
	Fracturing in Coal-Beds
	Propping Agents
	Acid Fracturing
	Special Problems
	Characterization of Fracturing Fluids
	References
	Tradenames
Chapter 18. Water Shutoff
	Classification of Methods
	In Situ Polymerization
	Acrylic Gels
	Special Applications
	Thermally Stable Gels
	Disproportionate Permeability Reduction
	Silicate-based Agents
	Resin Types
	Cement with Additives
	Organosilicones
	Non-Crosslinked Copolymers
	Inorganic Colloids
	Water Swelling Additives
	Wastes
	Surfactants
	Tailoring the Hydrodynamic Volume
	References
	Tradenames
Chapter 19. Oil Spill Treating Agents
	History
	References
Chapter 20. Waste Disposal
	Drilling Fluids
	Cuttings
	Injection Techniques
	References
	Tradenames
Chapter 21. Dispersions, Emulsions, and Foams
	Dispersions
	Emulsions
	Foams
	References
	Tradenames
Chapter 22. Defoamers
	Theory of Defoaming
	Classification of Defoamers
	Uses in Petroleum Technology
	References
Chapter 23. Demulsifiers
	Emulsions in Produced Crude Oil
	Waterflooding
	Oil Spill Treatment
	Desired Properties
	Mechanisms of Demulsification
	Performance Testing
	Classification of Demulsifiers
	Demulsifiers in Detail
	References
Appendix 1: List of Tradenames
Appendix 2: List of Acronyms
Index
	Chemical Index
	Subject Index
                        

Similer Documents