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TitleQiaowu: Extra-Territorial Policies for the Overseas Chinese
File Size7.4 MB
Total Pages372
Table of Contents
Notes on the Romanization of Chinese Language
List of Acronyms and Abbreviations
Chapter 1 Introduction
	1.1 Diasporas and Transnational Loyalties
	1.2 Diasporas and International Relations Theory
	1.3 Introduction to the Extant Literature
	1.4 Aims of This Book
	1.5 Qiaowu and Foreign Relations
	1.6 Qiaowu and Social Control
	1.7 Methodology
	1.8 Layout
Chapter 2 Mobilizing the OC in the Twenty-First Century
	2.1 Capitalizing on the Olympic Spirit
	2.2 The 1989 Tiananmen Square Protests
	2.3 The CCP’s Ideological Work and Influence on PRC Students
	2.4 The 2008 Olympic Torch Rallies
	2.5 Another Evolution in Qiaowu
	2.6 Conclusion
Chapter 3 Unveiling Qiaowu
	3.1 The Role of the OC for the CCP-Led Party-State
	3.2 Political Mobilization
	3.3 Espionage
	3.4 Unveiling Qiaowu
	3.5 Service for the OC: Qiaowu Cadres and Their United Front Duties
	3.6 The CCP’s ‘Guiding Hand’
	3.7 A Brief History of Qiaowu Organizational Structure
	3.8 Origins of the PRC OC Qiaowu Bureaucracy
	3.9 The “OC Problem”
	3.10 Domestic Returned OC Work and Internal Chaos
	3.11 The OC and Their Role in UF Work Abroad
	3.12 Post-Revolution Qiaowu Policy
	3.13 Political Structure of the Qiaowu Administration in the Contemporary Period
	3.14 CCP Influence over Qiaowu Affairs
	3.15 Qiaowu and Intra-Governmental Bureaucracy
	3.16 Decentralization of Power in Qiaowu Operations
	3.17 Qiaowu as a Political Opportunity Structure
	3.18 Conclusion
Chapter 4 Targets and Subjects of Qiaowu
	4.1 ROC Definition of the OC
	4.2 Taiwanization of ROC Qiaowu Operations
	4.3 “Three Classifications”: The ROC’s Redefinition of Huaqiao
	4.4 Damage Control
	4.5 Name Changes
	4.6 ROC OC Organs in the Contemporary Period
	4.7 Rebuilding Links
	4.8 PRC Definition of the OC
	4.9 Distinguishing Huaqiao from Huaren
	4.10 Xinqiao—Leading the Change in OC Demographics
	4.11 Elite OC
	4.12 Dual Nationality and the OC
	4.13 Conclusion
Chapter 5 Cultural Work: Reconstructing ‘Chineseness’
	5.1 Theories of Ethnic Belonging
	5.2 ‘Chineseness’
	5.3 ROC Cultural and Educational Work
	5.4 PRC Educational Work
	5.5 PRC External OC Education
	5.6 Confucius Institutes
	5.7 Problems Regarding PRC OC Education
	5.8 Challenging Alternative Forms of ‘Chineseness’
	5.9 OC Church Work
	5.10 Earthquake Diplomacy
	5.11 Evaluation of Nationalism and the OC
	5.12 Conclusion
Chapter 6 Cultural Work: Reconnection
	6.1 Active Reconnection: Tours and Root-Seeking
	6.2 Xungen—Falling Leaves Return to Their Roots
	6.3 Building Links
	6.4 ROC OC Youth Work
	6.5 PRC OC Youth Work
	6.6 Comparison of Youth Work
	6.7 Development of Youth Work
	6.8 Soft Power and the OC Media
	6.9 Borrowing Ships to Go to Sea
	6.10 Managing OC Reporters
	6.11 New Technology: Television and Radio
	6.12 Qiaowu and the Internet
	6.13 Conclusion
Chapter 7 External Work: Threats & Challenges
	7.1 The OC as Threats to the CCP
	7.2 The OC Pro-Democracy Movement
	7.3 The Taiwanese Independence Movement
	7.4 Falungong
	7.5 Tibetan Buddhism and the Xinjiang Independence Movement
	7.6 Cooptation
	7.7 We Are Family: “Grand Unification Nationalism”
	7.8 China Embraces All OC: Winning Over the Moderates
	7.9 Pre-Emptive Subversion
	7.10 “Welcome In”
	7.11 “Going Outside”
	7.12 Transformation Work
	7.13 Coercion
	7.14 “Divide-and-Rule”
	7.15 Diplomatic Pressure
	7.16 Conclusion
Chapter 8 External Work: Diplomatic Assistance
	8.1 The PRC and Protection of the OC
	8.2 1998 Indonesian Riots: A Turning Point in OC Affairs
	8.3 ROC Protection for OC
	8.4 Modern PRC Diplomatic Protection
	8.5 The Limits of PRC Consular Assistance
	8.6 The OC and Implications for PRC Foreign Policy
	8.7 Conclusion
Chapter 9 The Future of Qiaowu
	9.1 OC Trade, Investment, and Migration
	9.2 Illegal Migration and Transnational Criminal Activity in the Pacific
	9.3 Passing on Responsibility for Migrant Behaviour and Illegal Migration
	9.4 PRC Views on Illegal Migration
	9.5 “Unqualified” Chinese
	9.6 Raising China’s Image: Getting Along Together
	9.7 From “Three Knives” to “Six Masters”
	9.8 “Old Friends”, “New Friends”
	9.9 Capacity-Building
	9.10 Conclusion
Chapter 10 Conclusion
	10.1 From Strength to Strength: The Evolution of Qiaowu
	10.2 Consolidating Power and Eliminating Rivals
	10.3 Implications for the World
	10.4 Conclusion
Chapter 11 Bibliography

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