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TitleSmart materials for advanced environmental applications
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Table of Contents
                            Cover
Smart Materials for Advanced Environmental Applications
Preface
Contents
Chapter 1 - Introduction
	References
Chapter 2 - Smart Materials as Forward Osmosis Draw Solutes
	2.1 Introduction
	2.2 Hydrophilic Magnetic Nanoparticles
	2.3 Stimuli-Responsive Magnetic Nanoparticles
		2.3.1 Introduction
		2.3.2 Thermo-Responsive Magnetic Nanoparticles
		2.3.3 Other Stimuli-Responsive Magnetic Nanoparticles as Potential FO Draw Solutes
			2.3.3.1 Light-Responsive Magnetic Nanoparticles
			2.3.3.2 CO2-Responsive Magnetic Nanoparticles
	2.4 Smart Polyelectrolytes and Solvents
		2.4.1 Introduction
		2.4.2 Thermo-Responsive Polyelectrolytes
		2.4.3 CO2 Switchable Dual Responsive Polymers
		2.4.4 Switchable Polarity Solvents
	2.5 Smart Hydrogels
		2.5.1 Introduction
		2.5.2 Synthetic Methods and FO Performance
		2.5.3 Dewatering Method and Performance
	2.6 Conclusions and Future Perspectives
	References
Chapter 3 - Superwetting Nanomaterials for Advanced Oil/Water Separation: From Absorbing Nanomaterials to Separation Membranes
	3.1 Introduction
	3.2 How to Construct Nanomaterials with Superwetting Surfaces
		3.2.1 Theoretical Basis of Wettability of Solid Materials
		3.2.2 Theoretical Principle to Construct Superwetting Nanomaterials
		3.2.3 Natural and Artificial Examples of Superwetting Nanomaterials
	3.3 Superwetting Absorbing Nanomaterials for Separation of Free Oil/Water Mixtures
		3.3.1 Sponge- and Foam-Based Superwetting Absorbing Nanomaterials
		3.3.2 Textile-Based Superwetting Absorbing Nanomaterials
	3.4 Superwetting Separation Membranes for Oil/Water Separation
		3.4.1 Mesh- and Textile-Based Superwetting Films for Separation of Oil/Water-Free Mixtures and Emulsions
		3.4.2 Polymer-Dominated Superwetting Filtration Membranes for Separation of Oil/Water Emulsions
		3.4.3 Nanomaterial-Based Ultrathin Superwetting Films for Separation of Oil/Water Emulsions
	3.5 Summary and Perspective
	References
Chapter 4 - Responsive Particle-Stabilized Emulsions: Formation and Applications
	4.1 Introduction
	4.2 Particulate Emulsion Stabilizer
		4.2.1 The Stabilization of an Emulsion
		4.2.2 Special Features About Particulate Emulsion Stabilizers
	4.3 Categories of Particles
		4.3.1 Inorganic Particles
		4.3.2 Biological Particles
		4.3.3 Polymeric Particles (Synthetic) and Microgel Dispersions
		4.3.4 Janus Particles
	4.4 Responsiveness of Emulsions
		4.4.1 Thermal Stimulation
		4.4.2 pH Stimulation
		4.4.3 Magnetic Stimulation
		4.4.4 Other Stimulations
	4.5 Applications
		4.5.1 Pharmaceutical Applications
		4.5.2 Petroleum Industry
		4.5.3 Extraction
		4.5.4 Catalysis
		4.5.5 Pickering Emulsion Polymerization
	4.6 Concluding Remarks
	Acknowledgements
	References
Chapter 5 - Intrinsic Self-Healing Polymeric Materials for Engineering and Environmental Applications
	5.1 Introduction
	5.2 Self-Healing Polymeric Materials via Reversible Bond Formation
		5.2.1 Self-Healing Polymeric Materials via Dynamic Covalent Bonding
		5.2.2 Self-Healing Polymeric Materials via Supramolecular Chemistry
			5.2.2.1 Hydrogen Bonding
			5.2.2.2 Ionic Interactions
			5.2.2.3 Metal–Ligand Coordination
			5.2.2.4 π–π Stacking
	5.3 Mussel-Inspired Self-Healing Polymeric Materials
		5.3.1 Catechol-Mediated Interactions
			5.3.1.1 Catechol–Fe3+ Non-Covalent Coordination
			5.3.1.2 Catechol–B3+ Dynamic Covalent Coordination
			5.3.1.3 Other Catechol–Metal Coordination
			5.3.1.4 Catechol-Mediated Hydrogen Bonding and Aromatic Interactions
		5.3.2 Histidine–Metal Coordination
	5.4 Case Studies of Self-Healing Polymeric Materials for Environmental Applications
	5.5 Conclusions and Outlook
	Acknowledgements
	References
Chapter 6 - Biomimetic Materials for Efficient Atmospheric Water Collection
	6.1 Introduction
	6.2 Desert Beetle-Inspired Surface with Patterned Wettability for Fog Collection
		6.2.1 Introduction
		6.2.2 Traditional Lithographic Methods for the Fabrication of Biomimetic Patterned Surfaces for Fog Collection
		6.2.3 Direct Methods for Creating Patterned Wettability for Fog Harvesting
	6.3 Spider Silk-Inspired Fibers for Atmospheric Water Collection
	6.4 Desert Plants-Inspired Water Collection
	6.5 Summary and Outlook
	References
Chapter 7 - “Slippery” Liquid-Infused Surfaces Inspired by Nature
	7.1 Introduction and Background
		7.1.1 Introduction
		7.1.2 Background and Biomimetic Inspiration
		7.1.3 Introduction of the SLIPS Concept
	7.2 Self-Cleaning SLIPS Surfaces
	7.3 More Than Omniphobicity: Extra Functionality
		7.3.1 SLIPS for Anti-Icing Surfaces
		7.3.2 SLIPS for Anti-Fouling Surfaces
		7.3.3 Beyond Slippery Surfaces
	7.4 Thermodynamics and Stability
		7.4.1 Thermodynamic Description of SLIPS Surfaces
		7.4.2 Stability of SLIPS Surfaces
	7.5 Conclusions and Outlook
	References
Chapter 8 - Challenges and Opportunities of Superhydrophobic/Superamphiphobic Coatings in Real Applications
	8.1 Wetting
		8.1.1 Rough Surface: Wenzel’s and Cassie’s Models
		8.1.2 Laser Scanning Confocal Microscopy (LSCM)
		8.1.3 Superhydrophobicity
		8.1.4 Superamphiphobicity
		8.1.5 Fabrication of Superamphiphobic Surfaces
		8.1.6 Stability of the Cassie State
			8.1.6.1 Stability Against Impalement
			8.1.6.2 Mechanical Stability
	8.2 Potential Applications
		8.2.1 Polymeric Particles in the mm to µm Range
		8.2.2 Particle Synthesis via Tuning Temperature
		8.2.3 Particle Synthesis via Radical Polymerization
		8.2.4 Protein and Cell Adhesion on Superamphiphobic Layers
		8.2.5 Superamphiphobic Membranes
		8.2.6 Fog Harvesting
	8.3 Challenges
	Acknowledgements
	References
Subject Index
                        

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