Download The Essential Guide to CSS and HTML Web Design PDF

TitleThe Essential Guide to CSS and HTML Web Design
File Size13.6 MB
Total Pages520
Table of Contents
About the Author
About the Technical Reviewer
Chapter 1: An Introduction to Web Design
	A brief history of the Internet
	Why create a website?
	Audience requirements
	Web design overview
		Why WYSIWYG tools aren't used in this book
	Introducing HTML and XHTML
		Introducing the concept of HTML tags and elements
		Nesting tags
		Web standards and XHTML
		Semantic markup
	Introducing CSS
		Separating content from design
		The rules of CSS
		Types of CSS selectors
		Adding styles to a web page
		The cascade
		The CSS box model explained
	Creating boilerplates
	Working with website content
		Information architecture and site maps
		Basic web page structure and layout
		Limitations of web design
Chapter 2: Web Page Essentials
	Starting with the essentials
	Document defaults
		DOCTYPE declarations explained
		Partial DTDs
		What about the XML declaration?
	The head section
		Page titles
		meta tags and search engines
		Attaching external documents
	The body section
		Content margins and padding in CSS
		Zeroing margins and padding on all elements
		Working with CSS shorthand for boxes
		Setting a default font and font color
	Web page backgrounds
		Web page backgrounds in CSS
		Web page background ideas
	Closing your document
	Naming your files
	Commenting your work
	Web page essentials checklist
Chapter 3: Working with Type
	An introduction to typography
	Styling text the old-fashioned way (or, why we hate font tags)
	A new beginning: Semantic markup
		Paragraphs and headings
		Logical and physical styles
		The importance of well-formed markup
	Styling text using CSS
		Defining font colors
		Defining fonts
		Using images for text
		Defining font size and line height
		Defining font-style, font-weight, and font-variant
		CSS shorthand for font properties
		Controlling text element margins
		Using text-indent for print-like paragraphs
		Setting letter-spacing and word-spacing
		Controlling case with text-transform
		Creating alternatives with classes and spans
		Styling semantic markup
		Creating drop caps and pull quotes using CSS
	Working with lists
		Unordered lists
		Ordered lists
		Definition lists
		Nesting lists
		Styling lists with CSS
		List margins and padding
		Inline lists for navigation
		Thinking creatively with lists
Chapter 4: Working with Images
	Color theory
		Color wheels
		Additive and subtractive color systems
		Creating a color scheme using a color wheel
		Working with hex
		Web-safe colors
	Choosing formats for images
		Other image formats
	Common web image gaffes
		Using graphics for body copy
		Not working from original images
		Overwriting original documents
		Busy backgrounds
		Lack of contrast
		Using the wrong image format
		Resizing in HTML
		Not balancing quality and file size
		Text overlays and splitting images
		Stealing images and designs
	Working with images in XHTML
		Using alt text for accessibility benefits
		Descriptive alt text for link-based images
		Null alt attributes for interface images
		Using alt and title text for tooltips
	Using CSS when working with images
		Applying CSS borders to images
		Using CSS to wrap text around images
		Displaying random images
Chapter 5: Using Links and Creating Navigation
	Introduction to web navigation
	Navigation types
		Inline navigation
		Site navigation
		Search-based navigation
	Creating and styling web page links
		Absolute links
		Relative links
		Root-relative links
		Internal page links
		Backward compatibility with fragment identifiers
		Top-of-page links
		Link states
		Defining link states with CSS
		Correctly ordering link states
		The difference between a and a:link
		Editing link styles using CSS
		Multiple link states: The cascade
		Enhanced link accessibility and usability
		Link targeting
	Links and images
		Adding pop-ups to images
		Image maps
		Faking images maps using CSS
	Enhancing links with JavaScript
		Creating a pop-up window
		Creating an online gallery
		Collapsible page content
	Creating navigation bars
		Using lists for navigation bars
		Working with inline lists
		Graphical navigation with rollover effects
	The dos and don'ts of web navigation
Chapter 6: Tables: How Nature (and the W3C) Intended
	The great table debate
	How tables work
		Adding a border
		Cell spacing and cell padding
		Spanning rows and cell
		Setting dimensions and alignment
	Creating accessible tables
		Captions and summaries
		Using table headers
		Row groups
		Scope and headers
		Building a table
	Styling a table
		Adding borders to tables
		Adding separator stripes
	Tables for layout
Chapter 7: Page Layouts with CSS
	Layout for the Web
		Grids and boxes
		Working with columns
		Fixed vs. liquid design
		Layout technology: Tables vs. CSS
		Logical element placement
	Workflow for CSS layouts
		Anatomy of a layout: Tables vs. CSS
		Creating a page structure
		Box formatting
	CSS layouts: A single box
	Nesting boxes: Boxouts
		The float property
	Advanced layouts with multiple boxes and columns
		Working with two structural divs
		Placing columns within wrappers and clearing floated content
		Working with sidebars and multiple boxouts
		Creating flanking sidebars
		Automating layout variations
	Scrollable content areas
		Working with frames
		Working with internal frames (iframes)
		Scrollable content areas with CSS
Chapter 8: Getting User Feedback
	Introducing user feedback
		Using mailto: URLs
		Scrambling addresses
	Working with forms
		Creating a form
		Adding controls
		Improving form accessibility
	CSS styling and layout for forms
		Adding styles to forms
		Advanced form layout with CSS
	Sending feedback
		Configuring nms FormMail
		Script server permissions
		Sending form data using PHP
		Using e-mail to send form data
	A layout for contact pages
	Using microformats to enhance contact information
		Online microformat contacts resources
	Contact details structure redux
Chapter 9: Dealing with Browser Quirks
	The final test
	Weeding out common errors
	A browser test suite
		Installing multiple versions of browsers
	Dealing with Internet Explorer bugs
		Outdated methods for hacking CSS documents
		Conditional comments
		Dealing with rounding errors
		Alt text overriding title text
		Common fixes for Internet Explorer 5.x
		Common fixes for Internet Explorer 6 and 5
		Fixing hasLayout problems (the peekaboo bug)
	Targeting other browsers
Chapter 10: Putting Everything Together
	Putting the pieces together
	Managing style sheets
	Creating a portfolio layout
		About the design and required images
		Putting the gallery together
		Styling the gallery
		Hacking for Internet Explorer
	Creating an online storefront
		About the design and required images
		Putting the storefront together
		Styling the storefront
		Fonts and fixes for the storefront layout
	Creating a business website
		About the design and required images
		Putting the business site together
		Styling the business website
	Working with style sheets for print
Appendix A: XHTML Reference
	Standard attributes
		Core attributes
		Keyboard attributes
		Language attributes
	Event attributes
		Core events
		Form element events
		Window events
	XHTML elements and attributes
Appendix B: Web Color Reference
	Color values
		Web-safe colors
	Color names
Appendix C: Entities Reference
	Characters used in XHTML
	Punctuation characters and symbols
		Quotation marks
		Spacing and nonprinting characters
		Punctuation characters
	Characters for European languages
	Currency signs
	Mathematical, technical, and Greek characters
		Common mathematical characters
		Advanced mathematical and technical characters
		Greek characters
	Arrows, lozenge, and card suits
	Converting the nonstandard Microsoft set
Appendix D: CSS Reference
	The CSS box model
	Common CSS values
	CSS properties and values
	Basic selectors
	CSS boilerplates and management
		Modular style sheets
Appendix E: Browser Guide
	Internet Explorer
	Other browsers
Appendix F: Software Guide
	Web design software
	Graphic design software
	The author's toolbox

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