Download The Manga Guide to the Universe PDF

TitleThe Manga Guide to the Universe
File Size27.3 MB
Total Pages268
Table of Contents
                            Praise for the Manga Guide series
Copyright
Foreword
Preface
Prologue: A Tale That Begins on the Moon
	The Story of Kaguya-hime
	Cosmic Myths
		Ancient India’s View of the Universe
		Ancient Egypt’s View of the Universe
		Ancient Babylonia’s View of the Universe
	In China, Where Astronomy Was Originally Developed
	In Ancient Greece, Where the Size of Earth Was Calculated
		Eratosthenes’s Calculation Method
	If Earth Is Round, the Moon Must be Round Too
Chapter 1: Is Earth the Center of the Universe?
	A Mysterious Light Appeared in the Sky
	Close Encounters
	Does the Sun Revolve Around Earth?
	A Heliocentric Model Was Proposed 2,300 Years Ago
	From the Geocentric Theory to the Heliocentric Theory
	Galileo’s Discoveries—And Trial
	Putting things in perspective
	What Is the Approximate Distance to the Horizon?
	Measuring the Size of the Universe: How Far to the Moon?
		Corner Cube Mirrors
		How a Corner Cube Mirror Works
		Before the Corner Cube Prism
	Geocentric Theory vs. Heliocentric Theory—the Outcome of a Battle Royale
		What Kind of Orbit Did a Planet Trace in the Geocentric Theory?
		The Tychonic System that Embellished the Geocentric Theory
		Just How Progressive Was Copernicus?
		Kepler Completed the Heliocentric Theory
		What Did Galileo Do?
		What Has the Heliocentric Theory Taught Us?
	A Somewhat Complicated Explanation of Kepler’s Laws
		First Law: The Orbit of Every Planet Is an Ellipse with the Sun at the Focus
		Second Law: A Line Joining a Planet and the Sun Sweeps Out Equal Areas During Equal Intervals of Time
		Third Law: The Square of the Orbital Period of a Planet Is Directly Proportional to the Cube of the Semimajor Axis of Its Orbit
Chapter 2: From the Solar System to the Milky Way
	What If Kaguya-hime Came from a Planet in our Solar System?
	Kaguya-hime and the Solar System
		Mercury
		Venus
		Mars
		Jupiter
		Saturn
		Uranus
		Neptune
		Pluto
		Earth
		The Moon
		The Sun
	The Size of the Milky Way Galaxy
	What’s in the Middle of the Galaxy?
	Top Five Mysteries of the Galaxy That Have Not Yet Been Explained!
		What Is the Galaxy’s Shape, and How Did It Form?
		What’s at the Center?
		How Are Supermassive Black Holes Formed?
		What Is the Galaxy Made Of?
		What Will Happen When We Collide with the Andromeda Galaxy?
	The Milky Way Galaxy Is One of Many Galaxies
	The Universe Is Steadily Getting Larger
		Why Can We See the Milky Way?
		A Disc-Shaped Galactic Model Is the Easiest to Understand
		Results of Scientific Observation Also Prove a Disc-Shaped Universe
		An Idea from Kant Enlarged the Perceived Universe in a Flash
		How Did Technology for Observing the Universe Progress?
		Famous Telescopes
		What Can a Radio Telescope Observe?
	Another Way to Measure the Size of the Universe: A Triangulation Trick
		Triangulation Can Give Us the Distance to Stars Beyond the Solar System
	How Big Is the Solar System?
Chapter 3: The Universe Was Born With a Big Bang
	Galaxies Are Islands of Light in the Void of Space
	The Winning Team Learns a Lesson
	What Is the Large-Scale Structure of the Cosmos?
		Planetary System
		Galaxy
		Group of Galaxies or Cluster of Galaxies
		Supercluster of Galaxies
	Hubble’s Great Discovery
		The Origins of the Universe: “Hubble’s Great Discovery—Act I”
		Back to the Play: “Hubble’s Great Discovery—Act II”
	If the Universe Is Expanding...
	Everything Started with the Big Bang
	Hubble’s Theory of the Expansion of the Universe Was Imperfect
	Three Pieces of Evidence for the Big Bang Theory
	Do Aliens Exist?
		Calculating the Number of Extraterrestrial ­Civilizations
		Extraterrestrial Life and a World-Renowned Physicist
		Has Life Been Created Often?
		Which Is the Closest Star System That Could Support 
Extraterrestrial Life?
		Can We Contact an Extraterrestrial Civilization?
		Tardigrades (Water Bears) Are the Toughest ­Astronauts
	A Third Method of Measuring the Size of the Universe: If You Know the Properties of a Star, Can You Figure Out How Far away It Is?
		Stars with Varying Brightness Are “Lighthouses of the Universe”
		Methods of Measuring Even Greater Distances
Chapter 4: What Is It Like at the Edge of the Universe?
	Where Is the Universe Going?
	The Closest Earthlike Planet
	Arrival at the “Edge” of the Universe
	Professor Sanuki's Soliloquy
Chapter 5: Our Ever-Expanding Universe
	The Big Show
	The Multiverse Contains Numerous Universes
	The Edge, Birth, and End of the Universe...
		Why Might Space Be Curved?
		Will You Return to the Same Location in a Plane, a Cylinder, and a Sphere?
		Negative Curvature
		Friedmann’s Dynamic Universe
	What Will Ultimately Become of the Universe?
	WMAP and Our Flat Universe
	The True Age of the Universe
Index
About the Author
About theSupervising Editor
Production Team for the Japanese Edition
More Manga Guides
Updates
Gallery of Astronomical Marvels
                        

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