Download U.S. Army Survival Handbook PDF

TitleU.S. Army Survival Handbook
File Size20.5 MB
Total Pages676
Table of Contents
	Chapter 1 Introduction
	Chapter 2 Psychology of Survival
	Chapter 3 Survival Planning and Survival Kits
	Chapter 4 Basic Survival Medicine
	Chapter 5 Shelters
	Chapter 6 Water Procurement
	Chapter 7 Firecraft
	Chapter 8 Food Procurement
	Chapter 9 Survival Use of Plants
	Chapter 10 Poisonous Plants
	Chapter 11 Dangerous Animals
	Chapter 12 Field-Expedient Weapons, Tools, and Equipment
	Chapter 13 Desert Survival
	Chapter 14 Tropical Survival
	Chapter 15 Cold Weather Survival
	Chapter 16 Sea Survival
	Chapter 17 Expedient Water Crossings
	Chapter 18 Field-Expedient Direction Finding
	Chapter 19 Signaling Techniques
	Chapter 20 Survival Movement In Hostile Areas
	Chapter 21 Camouflage
	Chapter 22 Contact With People
	Chapter 23 Survival In Man-Made Hazards
	Appendix A Survival Kits
	Appendix B Edible and Medicinal Plants
	Appendix C Poisonous Plants
	Appendix D Dangerous Insects and Arachnids
	Appendix E Venomous Snakes and Lizards
	Appendix F Dangerous Fish and Mollusks
	Appendix G Ropes and Knots
	Appendix H Clouds: Foretellers of Weather
	Appendix I Evasion Plan of Action Format
	Authentication Page
Document Text Contents
Page 1

May 2002

Distribution authorized to U.S. Government agencies and their

contractors only to protect technical or operational information from
automatic dissemination under the International Exchange Program or by
other means. This determination was made on 5 December 2003. Other

requests for this document must be referred to Commander, United
States Army John F. Kennedy Special Warfare Center and School,

ATTN: AOJK-DT-SF, Fort Bragg, North Carolina 28310-5000.


Destroy by any method that must prevent disclosure of contents or
reconstruction of the document.

Headquarters, Department of the Army

FM 3-05.70
(FM 21-76)

Page 338

FM 3-05.70


Always maintain security.
Split the team into smaller elements. The ideal element

should have two to three members; however, it could
include more depending on team equipment and

20-16. The movement portion of returning to friendly control is
the most dangerous as you are now most vulnerable. It is usually
better to move at night because of the concealment darkness
offers. Exceptions to such movement would be when moving
through hazardous terrain or dense vegetation (for example,
jungle or mountainous terrain). When moving, avoid the following
even if it takes more time and energy to bypass:

Obstacles and barriers.
Roads and trails.
Inhabited areas.
Waterways and bridges.
Natural lines of drift.
Man-made structures.
All civilian and military personnel.

20-17. Movement in enemy-held territory is a very slow and
deliberate process. The slower you move and the more careful you
are, the better. Your best security will be using your senses. Use
your eyes and ears to detect people before they detect you. Make
frequent listening halts. In daylight, observe a section of your
route before you move along it. The distance you travel before you
hide will depend on the enemy situation, your health, the terrain,
the availability of cover and concealment for hiding, and the
amount of darkness left. See Chapter 22 for more movement and
countertracking techniques.

20-18. Once you have moved into the area in which you want to
hide (hide area), select a hide site. Keep the word BLISS in mind
when selecting a hide site:

B–Blends in with the surroundings.
L–Low in silhouette.
I–Irregular in shape.

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FM 3-05.70


S–Small in size.

20-19. Avoid the use of existing buildings or shelters. Usually,
your best option will be to crawl into the thickest vegetation you
can find. Construct any type of shelter within the hide area only
in cold weather and desert environments. If you build a shelter,
follow the BLISS formula.

20-20. After you have located your hide site, do not move straight
into it. Use a buttonhook or other deceptive technique to move to
a position outside of the hide site. Conduct a listening halt before
moving individually into the hide site. Be careful not to disturb or
cut any vegetation. Once you have occupied the hide site, limit
your activities to maintaining security, resting, camouflaging, and
planning your next moves.

20-21. Maintain your security through visual scanning and
listening. Upon detection of the enemy, the security personnel
alert all personnel, even if the team’s plan is to stay hidden and
not move upon sighting the enemy. Take this action so that
everyone is aware of the danger and ready to react.

20-22. If any team member leaves the team, give him a five-point
contingency plan. It should include—Who is going? Where are
they going? How long will they be gone? What to do if they are
hit or don’t return on time? Where to go if anyone is hit?

20-23. It is extremely important to stay healthy and alert when
trying to avoid capture. Take every opportunity to rest, but do not
sacrifice security. Rotate security so that all members of your
movement team can rest. Treat all injuries, no matter how minor.
Loss of your health will mean loss of your ability to continue to
avoid capture.

20-24. Camouflage is an important aspect of both moving and
securing a hide site. Always use a buddy system to ensure that
camouflage is complete. Ensure that team members blend with
the hide site. Use natural or man-made materials. If you add any
additional camouflage material to the hide site, do not cut
vegetation in the immediate area.

Page 675

FM 3-05.70 (FM 21-76)
17 MAY 2002

By Order of the Secretary of the Army:

General, United States Army

Chief of Staff


Administrative Assistant to the

Secretary of the Army


Active Army, Army National Guard, and US Army Reserve: To be distributed in accordance with the initial
distribution number 110175, requirements for FM 3-05.70.

Page 676

PIN: 078014-000

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