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Title[William Johnstone] 1 and 2 Chronicles Volume 2 (
TagsKingdom Of Judah Hebrew Language Names Ancient Peoples Of The Near East Old Testament People Ancient Israel And Judah
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Total Pages305
Table of Contents
                            1 and 2 Chronicles, Volume 2: 2 Chronicles 10-36 - Guilt and Atonement
Introduction: 2 Chronicles 10-36, Guilt and Atonement
2 Chronicles 10–12: The Reign of Rehoboam
	The Break-up of the Kingdom (2 Chronicles 10.1-11.4)
	Rehoboam's Measures to Consolidate his Position (2 Chronicles 11.5-12.1)
	The Assault on Rehoboam by the Egyptians (2 Chronicles 12.2-12)
		1. The Invasion (2 Chronicles 12.2-4)
		2. The Prophetic Word (2 Chronicles 12.5-8)
		3. The Penalty Mitigated (2 Chronicles 12.9-12)
	Concluding Theological Verdict on Rehoboam (2 Chronicles 12.13-14)
	Concluding Annalistic Comment (2 Chronicles 12.15-16)
2 Chronicles 13.1–14.1a: The Reign of Abijah
2 Chronicles 14.1b–16.14: The Reign of Asa
	1. The Establishment of Peace (2 Chronicles 14.1b-7)
	2. The Defence of Peace (2 Chronicles 14.8-15)
	3. The Consolidation of Peace (2 Chronicles 15)
	4. The Forfeiture of Peace (2 Chronicles 16.1-14)
2 Chronicles 17.1–21.3: The Reign of Jehoshaphat
	1. 2 Chronicles 17.1-6 Introduction: Opening Sketch of Jehoshaphat's Measures to 'Be Established' in his Kingdom
	2. 2 Chronicles 17.7-11: The Teaching of the Torah in Judah; the 'Fear of the LORD' Falls on the Neighbouring Kingdoms
	3. 2 Chronicles 17.12-19: Jehoshaphat's Military Measures
	4. 2 Chronicles 18.1-19.11 Jehoshaphat's Disastrous Alliance with the North in the Battle at Ramoth-gilead, and its Aftermath
	5. 2 Chronicles 20.1-30: The Successful Defence of the Realm Against Moab, Ammon and Edom
	6. 2 Chronicles 20.31-21.3: The Annalistic Framework of Jehoshaphat's Reign, with Additional Notes
2 Chronicles 21.4–22.1: The Reign of Jehoram
	1. Jehoram's Atrocities and their Consequences (2 Chronicles 21.4-11)
	2. Elijah's Prophecy and its Fulfilment (2 Chronicles 21.12-22.1)
2 Chronicles 22.2–23.15: The Reign of Ahaziah and the Usurpation of Athaliah
	2 Chronicles 22.2-9: The Reign of Ahaziah
	2 Chronicles 22.10-12: Athaliah's Purge of the House of David and Seizure of Power
	2 Chronicles 23.1-15: The Counter-revolution Led by Jehoiada, the High Priest
2 Chronicles 23.16–24.27: The Reign of Joash
	1. 2 Chronicles 23.16-24.14: The Restoration of the House of David under Jehoiada
	2. 2 Chronicles 24.15-22: Joash's Apostasy after the Death of Jehoiada
	3. 2 Chronicles 24.23-27: The Aramaean Invasion of Judah and the Assassination of Joash
2 Chronicles 25.1–26.2: The Reign of Amaziah
	1. 2 Chronicles 25.1-4: Standard Annalistic Framework Elements; Amaziah's Consolidation on the Throne
	2. 2 Chronicles 25.5-10: The Mustering ofJudah and the Abandoned Hiring of Assistance from the North
	3. 2 Chronicles 25.11-16: The Campaign against Edom and its Consequences
	4. 2 Chronicles 25.17-24: Amaziah's Disastrous Campaign against the North
	5. 2 Chronicles 25.25-26.2: The Assassination of Amaziah
2 Chronicles 26.3-23: The Reign of Uzziah
	1. Verses 3-5: Elements (1)-(4) of the Standard Annalistic Framework
	2. Verses 6-10: Uzziah's Successes in War and Peace
	3. Verses 11-23: Uzziah's Success Turns to Presumptuousness, with Disastrous Results
2 Chronicles 27: The Reign of Jotham
	1. Verses 1-5bα: The Achievements of Jotham's Reign (with Qualifications)
	2. Verses 5bβ-9: The Confirmation of Jotham as Ruler
2 Chronicles 28: The Reign of Ahaz
	1. Apostasy, Invasion by the North and Clemency of the North (Verses 1-15)
	2. Judah's Humiliation at the Hands of Nations of the World (Verses 16-27)
2 Chronicles 29–32: The Reign of Hezekiah
	2 Chronicles 29.1-30: The Purification of the Temple and the Restoration of the Cult
	2 Chronicles 29.31-36: The Celebration of the Restoration of the Temple
	2 Chronicles 30.1-9: The Invitation to Celebrate the Passover
	2 Chronicles 30.10-27: The Celebration of Passover and Unleavened Bread
	2 Chronicles 31.1-8: The Offering of Holy Things by the Community
	2 Chronicles 31.9-21: The Reception of the Holy Things by the Clergy
	2 Chronicles 32.1-8: Sennacherib's Invasion. The Security of the Land
	2 Chronicles 32.9-20: Sennacherib's Mockery of the Power of the LORD
	2 Chronicles 32.21-33: Hezekiah's Deliverance, Lapse and Restoration
2 Chronicles 33.1-20: The Reign of Manasseh
	2 Chronicles 33.1-9: Manasseh the Reprobate
	2. 2 Chronicles 33.10-20: Manasseh the Repentant
2 Chronicles 33.21-25: The Reign of Amon
2 Chronicles 34.1–35.24: The Reign of Josiah
	1. 2 Chronicles 34.1-21: The Purification of Judah, Jerusalem and the Temple
	2. 2 Chronicles 34.22-28: The Consultation with Huldah, the Prophetess
	3. 2 Chronicles 34.29-33: The Covenant to Keep the Covenant
	4. 2 Chronicles 35.1-6: The Preparation of the Priestsand Levites for the Passover
	5. 2 Chronicles 35.7-24: The Passover and the 'Negative Passover'
2 Chronicles 35.25–36.23: Exile and Return; Guilt and Atonement
	1. 2 Chronicles 35.25-36.4: The Transition from Josiah to Jehoahaz
	2. 2 Chronicles 36.5-8: Jehoiakim
	3. 2 Chronicles 36.9-10: Jehoiachin
	4. 2 Chronicles 36.11-21: Zedekiah
	5. 2 Chronicles 36.22-23: The Call to Immigration
Index of References
Index of Selected Key Terms
Back Matter
Document Text Contents
Page 2



David J.A. Clines
Philip R. Davies

Executive Editor
John Jarick

Editorial Board
Robert P. Carroll, Richard J. Coggins, Alan Cooper, J. Cheryl Exum,

John Goldingay, Robert P. Gordon, Norman K. Gottwald,
Andrew D.H. Mayes, Carol Meyers, Patrick D. Miller

Sheffield Academic Press

Page 152

2 Chronicles 25.1-26.2 151

1. 2 Chronicles 25.1-4: Standard Annalistic Framework Elements;
Amaziah 's Consolidation on the Throne

Amaziah's mother, who is otherwise unknown in the Hebrew Bible,
bears a name equally programmatic to that of her son: 'The LORD is
delight' (KBS); her origin in the capital, Jerusalem, places her in a
good position to appreciate the yearnings associated with the Davidic
house and the practical ambiguities involved in trying to realize them.

In the light of the subsequent narrative, the positive theological
evaluation, 'he did what was right in the eyes of the LORD' (v. 2),
retained in part from 2 Kgs 14.3, is surprising. Only in the first
recorded episode of his reign (vv. 5-10) does Amaziah heed prophetic
warning—and that during an incident in which he should never have
become embroiled. Well might, then, C add the qualification, 'but not
with a whole heart' ('whole', Salem, may be an ironical play on the
name of 'Solomon' [1 Chron. 29.19], the original recipient of the
encouragement, 'Be courageous').

Kings relates rather to David, 'yet not as his ancestor David', and adds,
'as all his father Joash had done'.

Judah The North


The House of Jehu

reigned 1 year

reigned 28 years
in his 7th year

reigned 40 years
in his 23rd year Jehoahaz

reigned 17 years
in his 37th year Joash

reigned 16 years
in his 2nd year

reigned 29 year;
in his 15th year Jeroboam II

reigned 41 years
in his 27th yeaiUzziah

reigned 52 years
in his 38th year Zechariah

reigned 6 months

Page 153

152 2 Chronicles 10-36

Once again, as in the case of Joash (2 Chron. 24.2), C has delayed the
exposition of the negative element in the evaluation of 2 Kgs 14.4, 'only,
the high places were not removed...' (see discussion of framework ele-
ment [4] in the Introduction to 2 Chron. 10-36). C will deal with a
specific example of this refusal to give the LORD his due in worship in
vv. 14-16.

The first step is the confirmation of the new king in his position
(rather than 'in his possession' as in 2 Kgs 14.5; the same root is used
at the beginning of v. 3 as of Solomon in 2 Chron. 1.1; so again in the
resumption in v. 11, after C's explanation of how he was confirmed).
To purge the guilt of his father's murder, and, no doubt, to clear him-
self of any suspicion of complicity in the act, he has the assassins put
to death (cf. 2 Sam. 1.1-16).

C changes the verb from Kings to make it correspond with his description
of the action of the culprits in 2 Chron. 24.25.

As in 2 Kgs 14.6, the families of the murderers do not suffer for the
crimes of their fathers (v. 4). The law restricting liability appealed to
isinDeut. 24.16.

For the, 'in the book of the Law of Moses' of Kings, C reads, 'in the
Law, the book of Moses', thus seeming to draw a distinction between the
Law and the work in which it is codified.

The formulation of the law is slightly different from the version in
Kings and Deuteronomy: C reads three times, 'shall die', for the 'shall be
put to death' of Kings (qere in last case). C has broadened out the legisla-
tion into a general principle.

This law, dealing with inter-human crimes and the limitation of
penalties between the families of wronged parties, is quite distinct
from crimes committed by the individual Israelite, or by the nation of
Israel as a whole, against God (the theme of C's work). In that case,
collective, cumulative guilt has been incurred, the effects of which it
takes generations to efface (cf. the Decalogue, Exod. 20.5). Thus,
foreign nations guilty of atrocity against God's people must also bear
collective guilt, as in the case of the Edomites, whose penalty is about
to be recorded in v. 12.

Out of the record of Amaziah's single campaign against the
Edomites, which immediately follows in 2 Kgs 14.7 (picked up
momentarily by C in v. 11), C has developed a number of incidents to
expound the evaluation, both positive and negative, of Amaziah's

Page 304

197 W.M. Schniedewind, The Word of God in Transition: From Prophet to
Exegete in the Second Temple Period

198 T.J. Meadowcroft, Aramaic Daniel and Greek Daniel: A Literary Comparison
199 J.H. Eaton, Psalms of the Way and the Kingdom: A Conference with the

200 M.D. Carroll R., D.J.A. Clines & P.R. Davies (eds.), The Bible in Human

Society: Essays in Honour of John Rogerson
201 J.W. Rogerson, The Bible and Criticism in Victorian Britain: Profiles of

F.D, Maurice and William Robertson Smith
202 N. Stahl, Law and Liminality in the Bible
203 J.M. Munro, Spikenard and Saffron: The Imagery of the Song of Songs
204 P.R. Davies, Whose Bible Is It Anyway?
205 D.J.A. Clines, Interested Parties: The Ideology of Writers and Readers of the

Hebrew Bible
206 M. Mu'ller, The First Bible of the Church: A Plea for the Septuagint
207 J.W. Rogerson, M. Davies & M.D. Carroll R. (eds.), The Bible in Ethics:

The Second Sheffield Colloquium
208 B.J. Stratton, Out of Eden: Reading, Rhetoric, and Ideology in Genesis 2-3
209 P. Dutcher-Walls, Narrative Art, Political Rhetoric: The Case ofAthaliah and

210 J. Berlinerblau, The Vow and the 'Popular Religious Groups' of Ancient

Israel: A Philological and Sociological Inquiry
211 B.E. Kelly, Retribution and Eschatology in Chronicles
212 Y. Sherwood, The Prostitute and the Prophet: Hosea's Marriage in Literary -

Theoretical Perspective
213 Y.A. Hoffman, A Blemished Perfection: The Book of Job in Context
214 R.F. Melugin & M.A. Sweeney (eds.), New Visions of Isaiah
215 J.C. Exum, Plotted, Shot and Painted: Cultural Representations of Biblical

216 J.E. McKinlay, Gendering Wisdom the Host: Biblical Invitations to Eat and

217 J.F.D. Creach, Yahweh as Refuge and the Editing of the Hebrew Psalter
218 G. Glazov, The Bridling of the Tongue and the Opening of the Mouth in

Biblical Prophecy
219 G. Morris, Prophecy, Poetry and Hosea
220 R.F. Person, Jr, In Conversation with Jonah: Conversation Analysis,

Literary Criticism, and the Book of Jonah
221 G. Keys, The Wages of Sin: A Reappraisal of the 'Succession Narrative'
222 R.N. Whybray, Reading the Psalms as a Book
223 S.B. Noegel, Janus Parallelism in the Book of Job
224 P.J. Kissling, Reliable Characters in the Primary History: Profiles of Moses,

Joshua, Elijah and Elisha
225 R.D. Weiss & D.M. Carr (eds.), A Gift of God in Due Season: Essays on

Scripture and Community in Honor of James A. Sanders

Page 305

226 L.L. Rowlett, Joshua and the Rhetoric of Violence: A New Historicist

227 J.F.A. Sawyer (ed.), Reading Leviticus: Responses to Mary Douglas
228 V. Fritz and P.R. Davies (eds.), The Origins of the Ancient Israelite States
229 S.B. Reid (ed.), Prophets and Paradigms: Essays in Honor of Gene M.

230 KJ. Cathcart and M.J. Maher (eds.), Targumic and Cognate Studies: Essays

in Honour of Martin McNamara
231 W. W. Fields, Sodom and Gomorrah: History and Motif in Biblical Narrative
232 T. Binger, Asherah: Goddesses in Ugarit, Israel and the Old Testament
233 M.D. Goulder, The Psalms of Asaph and the Pentateuch: Studies in the

Psalter, III
234 K. Stone, Sex, Honor, and Power in the Deuteronomistic History
235 J.W. Watts and P.R. House (eds.), Forming Prophetic Literature: Essays on

Isaiah and the Twelve in Honor of John D. W. Watts
236 T.M. Bolin, Freedom beyond Forgiveness: The Book of Jonah Re-Examined
237 N.A. Silberman and D. Small (eds.), The Archaeology of Israel: Construct-

ing the Past, Interpreting the Present
238 M.P. Graham, K.G. Hoglund and S.L. McKenzie (eds.), The Chronicler as

239 M.S. Smith, The Pilgrimage Pattern in Exodus (with contributions by

Elizabeth M. Bloch-Smith)
240 E.E. Carpenter (ed.), A Biblical Itinerary: In Search of Method, Form and

Content. Essays in Honor of George W. Coats
241 R.K. Gnuse, No Other Gods: Emergent Monotheism in Israel
242 K.L. Noll, The Faces of David
243 H.G. Reventlow, Eschatology in the Bible and in Jewish and Christian

244 W.E. Aufrecht, N.A. Mirau and S.W. Gauley (eds.), Aspects of Urbanism

in Antiquity: From Mesopotamia to Crete
245 L.L. Grabbe, Can a 'History of Israel' Be Written?
246 G.M. Bediako, Primal Religion and the Bible: William Robertson Smith and

his Heritage
248 E. Nodet, A Search for the Origins of Judaism: From Joshua to the Mishnah
249 W.P. Griffin, The God of the Prophets: An Analysis of Divine Action
251 F.A.J. Nielsen, The Tragedy in History: Herodotus and the Deuteronomistic

252 D.C. Mitchell, The Message of the Psalter: An Eschatological Programme in

the Book of Psalms
253 W. Johnstone, 1 and 2 Chronicles. Volume 1. 1 Chronicles 1-2 Chronicles

9. Israel's Place among the Nations
254 W. Johnstone, 1 and 2 Chronicles. Volume 2. 2 Chronicles 10-36. Guilt and

255 L.L. Lyke, King David with the Wise Woman of Tekoa: The Resonance of

Tradition in Parabolic Narrative

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